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gt^» daughter and 

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^^^ti^Uliam Pauielt, 
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-.•W!i4Sisf»J:MJ»#l>y Henry VI. 









% PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Leland^ in his Itineraiy^ mentions most of the abore &cti 
thus; 

^^ The eldest manor place of the P^ulettes in Somersetshire is 
now dene downe. But yet it bereth the name of PatdeiU^ and 
is a 3 miles from Bridgwater. There was one - - Denhaude 

■ 

in Somersetshire, a knight of good estimation about Henry the V. 
tyme, and tbis "Denhaiiiie gave this title in many of his writinges : 
Dondnus de Postcuith in GaWa. One of the Paulettes married the 
heir general of this Denbaude, and so. was the Paulettes landes 
welle augmented in Somersetshire. And Mr. Paulette*s father that 
is now buildid stoutely at Henton in Somersetshire, the which 
longed in tyme past to the Deobaudes. Paulet, that is now, bought 
Sandforde lordship of the kinge, Faullet hath a pother lordship 
hard joyning to Sandford called Hawberton, and is well woodid, 
but Sheiford hath little. Paulet of Somersetshire landes cummith 
thus together by heyres generales. By Ikys cam Hawberton lord- 
ship. Then did Arundel and Paulet devide a peace of landes of 
the Cantelupes. Then cam a peace of land by Rayne, and a no- 
ther be Beauchamp of the West Counteiy, and after cam Henton, 
Denbaude's lande.**'* 

Sir William had issue one son. Sir Amias Paulett; 

And four daughter^. Christian, first married to Nicholas Chi- 
chester^ secondly to Henry Hull, and thirdly to Willam Martin j 
Anne, wife of Sir William Cary of Cockingtoo, Knight | Flo- 
rence, to John Ashfield ; and Alice, to Sir John Paulett, Knight, 
by whom she was mother to William, iht Jirst Marquis of Win- 
chester. 

^ Which Sir Amias was knighted for his gallant behaviour at 
the battle of Newark on Trent, June lO'th, 1487, when the Earl 
of Lincob and Lambart Simnell were defeated. He was like- 
wise one of the 'commanders of those forces s^ainst Perkin War- 
beck : and inl5 Hen. VII. bearing the title of one of the Knights 
of the king's bedy, was f commissioned with Robert Shirbum, 
Dean of St. Paul's, in considenition of their loyalty, industry, fore- 
light, and care, to receive all such persons into favour, as were 
adherents to Perkin Warbeck, by fine or otherwise, as to them 
shall seem most proper. This commission they managed so dis- 
creetly, that (as Hollinshed observes) b '« Equity therein was very 
well and justly execated.*' 

* Lekttd^s Ida. VI. ii. • H^lifltheid't Chron. p. 784. 

f R7m«r*i Feed, took XH, p. 76^. g CIttoii. p. 785. 



EARL POULETT. $ 

ft 18 further memorable of him, that in the reign of Heniy VII. 
when Cardinal Wolsey was only a school -master at Limington in 
Somersetshire^ Sir Amias Paulctt^ fov some misdemeanor com- 
mitted by him> clapped him in the stocks: which the Cardinal^ 
when he grew into favour with Henry VIII. so far resented^ that 
he songbt all manner of ways to give him trouble^ and obliged 
him (as Godwin in bis Annals observes^) to dance attendance at 
London for some years* bnd by all manner of obsequionsness to 
curry favour with him. During the time of his attendance^ being 
commanded by the Cardinal not to depart London without licence, 
he took up his lodging in the great gate of the Temple towards 
Fleet-street. And in ^ Henry VIII. when the Cardinal was 
made 'Lord-Chancellor^ he re-edified the said gate (now called the 
Middle-Temple gate) and sumptuously beautified it on the out- 
side with the Cardinal's arms, cognizance, badges, and other 
devices, in a glorious manner, thereby hoping to appease his 
displeasure. Having been so great a benefactor to the society of 
the Middle-Temple, belt was chosen Treasurer thereof in 12 
Henry VIII. and departed this life in 1^38. His last will bears 
date, April 1st, 1538, and the probate thereof June 25tb follow^ 
ing i. He orders his body to be buried in the church of Chers- 
comb, in com. Somersetshire, and w^s a benefactor to the cathedral 
church of Wells, and to the churches of Hepton, Cherscomb, 
Chard, Crookhorne, Ylminster, South-Peterton, Dynington, and 
the abbey and convent of Ford. He bequeaths all his lands, goods, 
&c. to his son and heir Sir Hugh Paulet, Knight, whom he made 
sole executor, charging him to be loving to his sons John and 
Henry, and to help them to preferment. 

He married two wives, first, Margaret, daughter of Sir Johh * 
Paolett, Knight of the Bath, (grandfather of William Marquis of 
Winchester) ; and sister to Sir John Paulett, who had married his 
sister Elizabeth; and secondly, Lora, daughter of William Kella- 
way, of Rockborn, in com. Southamp. Esq. but had issue only by 
the last, viz. the three sons mentioned in his will 5 and one 
daughter, Elizabeth, married first to John Sidenham, Esq. } se- 
condly to William Carswell, of Carswell, in Devonshire, Esq.; and 
thirdly to Francis Coppleston, Esq. 

Sir Hugh Paulett, his eldest son, was knighted for his ser- 
vices in the French wars, at taking Brey at the siege of Boa- . 

^ P. tS. I Dugd.Orig. Jurid. p. 138. 

k Ibid, p sai. 1 £x Regist. Djogley in Cur. Prxrog. Cant. 



4 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

logne, 1544, io the presence of Hen. VIII. In 30 Hen. VIII. in 
consideration of his services,*" be had a grant from the King^ to 
bim and bis heirs, of the manor and borough of Samford«Peverelf, 
in Devonshire; and on February 24th, 31 Hen. VIII.'* was made 
Supervisor of all the manors, messuages, lands, &c. belonging 
to Richard Whiting, late Abbot of Glastonbury, attainted. On 
May nth, 33 Hen. VIII. he had? a grant, to him and his heirs,, 
of all the King's lands, tenements, woods, &c. called Upcrofte, 
and Combe, in Crukerne, in the county of Somerset. ' He was 
Sheriff of Dorset and Somersetshire, in 2g and 34 Henry VIII. 
and 1st of Edward VI. 

In 3 Edward VI. he was p Knight-marshal of that army com- 
manded by the Ix)rd Russell (Lord Privy Seal), sent against the 
rebels of Devonshire and Cornwall, who had besieged t])e city of 
Exeter ; and being defeated by the King's forces, fled into So- 
mersetshire, where this Sir Hugh followed them, and at King*s- 
Weston again vanquished them, and took their leader prisoner. 
For these>services he was, the year following, ^made Governor of 
the Isle of Jersey, and of Mount-Orguil castle. 

In the Cth year of Q. Elizabeth, he was one of the principal 
commanders, who so valiantly defended Newhaven against the 
French;' and when Montmorency, Constable of France, by a 
trumpet to the Earl of Warwick, 8umnx)Ded him to surrender, 
this Sir Hugh Paulett was sent by the Earl to assure the Constable, 
that the English were prepared to suffer the last extremity, before 
they would yield up the town without the Queen's orders. And 
when the forces were greatly reduced by the plague and pesti- 
lence, so that the Queen, in compassion to those brave soldiers 
that Were living, gave directions to the earl of Warwick to sur- 
render the town,' Sir Hugh Paulett was the principal of the Cora- 
roissione'rs that managed the conference with the Constable of 
Prance, for the capitulation. 

Dr. Fall, in his Account of the Island of Jersey^ writes; That 
this Sir Hugh Paulett was Treasurer to Henry VIII.*s army at 
the siege of Boulogne; Governor of Havre de Grace, when the 
town was in the hands of the English ; reputed one of the best 
and most experienced captains of his time,' and a zealous pro* 
inoter of the reformation in the Island of Jersey ; of which he was 

m Priv. Sigil. 30 Henry VIII. « Bill. Signat. 31 Henry VIII. 

o Priv. Sigil. 33 Henry VIII, P Holinihead. p. 1016. 

fl Rymcr, torn. XV. p. a6i. ' C«mden'i Hiitory of Queen Elitabeth 
in Hiitoiy of England, Vol. II. 292. • Sfcow*i Anntlt, p. 65s* 



EARL POULETT. 9 

Governor twenty-four years, and was succeeded by his son Sir 
Amias Paulett, in 13 Eliz. 

He married first Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Blount, of 
Blount Hall, com. Staff. Esq. but bad no is&ue by her; secondly 
Philippa, daughter and heir to Sir Lewis Pollard, of King's Nym- 
ton, in Devonshire'^ Knt. by whom he had issue three sons. Sir 
Amias Paulett, Nicholas, and George, as also a daughter, Jane, ' 
wife of Christopher Copplestoo, of Coppleston, in Devonshire, 
Esquire. ■■ 

His eldest son. Sir Amias Paulett, succeeded him in the go« 
vemment of the Isle of Jersey, as was said before; and was 
knighted 18 Eliz. In the year 157^, be was 'ambassador to the 
French King ; which high office he discharged to the entire satis- 
faction of his royal mistress, who expressed it in a letter which 
she wrote to him from Greenwich, 0€t. 22d, 1579, still preserved 
in a large collection of his MSB. among the family papers. He 
lived upon terms of great intimacy and friendship with all the 
statesmen of his own period, and with many of the principal no- ^ 
bility of Queen Elizabeth's court ; several of whom, in their fami- 
liar epistles to him, have left ample testimonies of their esteem 
for his private worth, as well as of their approbation of bis public 
merits. The Lord Treasurer Burleigh expresses the estimation in ' 
which his character was held at that time, in a letter written to 
him just before he set out on his embassy to Prance. ** 1 can give 
you no better council than yourself hath in store : change not 
your manners with the soil you go to : confirm by your actions 
abroad, the good opinion you have at home, namely for your reli- 
gion and discretion."* 

In 27 Eliz. the keeping of Mary Queen of Scots,* was chiefly 
committed to his fidelity; who so honourably discharged his trust 
therein, that when Secretary Walsingham moved him to suffer one 
of his servants to be bribed by the agents of the Queen of Scots, 
the better to gain intelligence, he would on no terms consent to it. 
Yet though it has been said, that the custody of Mary Queen of 
Scots, was taken out of the hands of the Earl of Shrewsbury, be- v^ 

cause he had treated the unhappy prisoner too leniently ; Sir 
.Amias is reported to have? behaved very difierently : *' Even the 
short period of her days that remained," says Robertson, " they 
rendered uncomfortable by every hardship and indignity, which 

« Fairs Account of Jersey, p. 91. » HarJing*« Biogr, Mirr«r, II. 74, 

X Camden't Hist, praei. p. 50J. 



i 



• PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

it was in their power to inflict. Almost all her servants were 
dismissed, she was treated no longer with the respect due to a 
qaeen ; and though the rigour of seventeen years imprisonment 
had broken .her constitution, she was confined to two ruinous 
chambers, scarce habitable even in the middle of summer, by 
reason of the cold/* &c. Robertson adds, that *^ after the publi- 
cation of her sentence, she was stripped of every remainvng mark 
of royalty; the canopy of state in her apartment was pulled down; 
Poulett entered her chamber, and approached her person without 
ceremony, and even appeared covered in her presence. But 
Poulett, though rigorous and harsh, and often brutal, in the dis- 
charge of what he thought his duty, as Mary*s keeper, was, never* 
theless, a roan of honour and integrity. He rejected' the proposal 
to take away her life secretly, with disdain ; and lamenting that 
he should ever have been deemed capable of acting the part of an 
assassin, he declared, that the Queen might dispose of his life at 
ber pleasure, but be would never stain his own honour, nor leave 
an everlasting mark of infamy on his posterity, by leading bis 
hand to perpetuate so foul a crime."^ 

It is but justice to transcribe his spirited letter to Sir Francis 
Walsingham at length : 

" SiH, 

'* Your letters of yesterday coming to my hand this present 
day, at five in the afternoon, I would not fail, according to your 

y Lodge, in his Ultutrattont rf British Bistcrj, II. 307, obtervei, << Thii part 
of the melancholy story of Mary*s impritonment hath always been misrepresented. 
The common account it, that the earl of Shrewsbury having been found to treat 
her with too much respect and gentleness (of which, by the bye, we do not find 
abundance of instances), she was taken from him, and placed in the hands of 6ir 
Aaiat Po$iiett, and Sir Drue Drury, «hose chief recommendation was a sternness 
and ferocity of manners, which her arch enemy charitably hoped her delicate frame 
would soon sink under. We are to infer then, that Eiiiabeth had thought fit to 
dismiss the Earl, and that these persons were immediately appointed to succeed 
him : but our papers prove the contrary in both instances; for they not only afford 
us simple evidence, that the Earl resigned his charge voluntarily, nay, that he had 
held it for several years most unwillingly at the Queen*s instance, but also, that 
Mildmay and Somers iounediately succeeded him j that Lord St. John was then 
nominated J and even in a letter written five months after the Earl had received 
his quietus from the council board, the appointment of Faulrt is spoken of as a 
rumour, and Drury's name is not mentioned.*** It is well remarked, that Mr. 
LoDG E in this work ** has brought to light several events of this period, in which 
some of the characters appear in very different colours from those in whtch^our 
aaodera histonans have iatrodoced them to us." JBhgr, Mimrf II. 74* 



lARL POULMT. f 

m 

^rectioOf to return my answer with all possible speed, which 
shall deliver unto you with great grief and bitterness of mind> in 
that I am BO unhappy to have lyven to see this unhappy day^ in 
the which I am required, by direction of my most gracious sove- 
reign, to do an act which God and the law fcMrbiddeth. My good 
livings and life are at her Majesty's disposition > and I am ready 
to lose them this next morrow, if it shall so please her, acknow- 
ledging that I hold them, as of her meet and most gracious 
&vonr ; and do not desire to enjoy them but with her Highness*s 
good liking. But God forbid that I should make so foul a ship- 
wreck of my conscience, or leave so great a blot to my posterity, 
to shed blood without law or warrant. Trailing that her Majesty, 
of her accustomed clemency, and the rather by your good media- 
tion, will take this my dutiful answer in good part, as proceed- 
ing from one who will never be inferior to any Christian subject 
living, in duty, honour, love, and obedience towards his Sovereign. 
And thus I. commit you to the mercy of the Almighty. 

Your most assured poor friend, 

A. Paulett."* 

In 29 Eliz. being one of the Privy-council, and Governor of 
the Isle of Jersey, he was in * commission for the trial of the 
Queen of Scots. And in the year after, on the eve of the feast 
of St. George, was ^ sworn, at Greenwich, Chancellor of the most 
noble order of the Garter : and was also Custos Rotplorum of 
the county of Somerset. 

He died in 1588, and was buried on the north side of the chan- 
cel in the church of St. Martin in the Fields, London, where a 
noble monument was erected to his memory, of the Ionic order, 
with his effigies carved at full length, lying in armour, fenced 
with iron rails, and this inscription : 

Honoratissimo Patri D. Amit'io Pouleto, Equito aunUo, Insula 
Jersie prafecto, apud Chris tianisnmum Regent quondam legato, 
Nobilissimi Ordinis Garterii Cancellario, et serenissimm Principis 
Eliza bethce Consiliario, Antonius Pouletus Jilius hoc Pietatis Mo^ 
numentum moerens posuit^, 

m 

> See another letter of Sir Amias, printed in tbe Appendix to Robertson; and 
dated from Cbartley, lotb Sept. 1586, which doet not appear ^utte to creditable 
to him.- 

* Ca nden's HUt. p. 502« ^ Aibmole's Order of the Garter, p. jai. 



B PEERAGE OF EdOLAND. 

• 

Gardex la Foy. 
Quod verho servaxejidem, Poidette, sohbas, 

Quam bene conveniunt fuBC tria verba tibi f 
Quod gladio servare^fidem, Poidette, sokbas, 

Quam bene conveniunt hcec tria signa tibi^ 
Patria ie sensit, sensit Reginajidelefn, 

Sicjidus civis, sicque Senator eras, 
Tejidum Chrhtus, tefidum Ecqlesia sensit. 

Sic servos inter muUa periclajidem. 
Ergo. quod servo Princeps, Ecclesia na4o, 

Patri quodjido cive sit orba dolet, 
Interea Chris tus defuncti facta coronat, 

A quo servatam viderat essefidem.^^'^ 
Margarela Poulett hoc Epiiaphium mosroris sinul et amoris sui 
perpetuum testem Amitio conjugi suo carissimo clarissimoqi dicaviis 

* By the inquisition taken on Jan. I5ib, 1588-9, at the city of 
Wells, in the county of Somerset, it appears that Sir Amias I\)a- 
lett, Knt. died on September 26th, 1588, and was, at the time of 
his decease, seised of the manor of George- Hin ton, with appurte- 
nances in Henton j. the manors of Bymynglon, Henton-park, and 
farm of Combe; the manors of Chascomb, Knolle, Illeigh, Stock* 
linch, Shepton, Roade, Sherston, and Stalleigh, with the advowson 
of the church -, the manor of Curry Mallet, and Ruton, and advow* 
son of the church and park of Curry Mallet, by patent, 5th July, in 
8 ^liz. all in the county of Somerset j and the rectory with ad- 
vowson of the church and park of Curry-MaUct, by patent, July 
6th, in 8th Eliz. ; also one fourth of the manor of Crewkheme, 
and one fourth of the hundred of Crewkherne, all in the county 
of Somerset j one third of the manor of Marshland- Vale, in the 
county of Dorset 3 the manors of Stamford Pcverell, Uplomyn, 
with the advowson Of the church, Halberton, and Boyes, in the 
county of Devon 3 apd a granary, with garden-land to the same 
belonging, containing one acre, in Clerkcnwell, in the county oi 
Middlesex. Aud tha't Anthony Poulett was his son and heir, and 
then of the age of twenty-five years, by his wife Margaret, 
daughter and heir of Anthony Harvey, of Columb John, in com. 
Devon, Esq. 'He had issue by her thr^e sons; Hugh, who died 
^n his infancy. Sir Anthony Paulett, and 

c See this inscription, with some additions, in Hard'm^s Bio^r. Mirror^ II, 77, 
where is a portrait of Sir Ami.s. See also Fuller's Woribles, Som. 24. 
d Coles Esc. lib. 5. N. ii, p. 328, in Bibl. Harley. 



f 
\ 



EARL POULETT. Q 

George Paolett, of Gothutst^ in com. Somerset, in right of his 
wife Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Edward Paolett, of the same 
place. Esq/ lineally descended from John Poulett, of Gothurst, 
brother to Sir William^ Poulett beforementioned, who first resided 
at Henten St. George; 

Also three daughters, Joan, married to Robert Heydon, of 
Bowood, in com. Devon., Esq. Sarah, first wife of Sir Francis 
Vincent, of Stoke- Dabernon, in Surry, Knt. and Bart, and Eli- 
sabeth, who died unmarned. 

His eHlest surviving ^on and heir. Sir Anthony Poulett, ws^s 
alfo « constituted Governor of the Isle of Jersey, on the' death of 
bis fiitherj was likewise Capuin of the guard to queen Eliz. who 
conferred the honour of knighthood on him; and in 1600, he 
departed this life. He '^marricd, ui 1583, Catherine, sole daugh- 
ter to Henry Lord Norreys, Baron of Rycot, by whom he had 
issue John his son and heir, and 

Henry second- son, from whom the family at Preston, and those 
that were of Taunton, in Somersetshire, descended. 

And two daughters, Margery, married to John Sidenham,. of 
Combe, in the county of Somerset, Esq. and Susan, the wife of 
Sir Peter Prideaux, of Netherton, in Devonshire, Bart. 

Which John Poulett, Esq. first Lord Poulbtt, being a 
veiy accomplished gentleman, of quick and clear parts, and a 
t>ountiful house-keeper (as Fuller in his Worthies of England re- 
lates*^). King Chari^ I. consigned Mons. Soubize unto him, who 
gave him and his retinue many months libeial entertainment. 
After which he was by letters patent, bearing date. June 23d, 
16^7, advanced ^ to the dignity of a Baron of this realm by the 
title of Lord Poolbt»t, of Hinton St. George. He was l^knighted 
with his eldest ^n. Sir John Poulett, by the earl ot' Lindsey> on 
board his Majesty's ship the Mary-honour, on September 27 (h, 
1635, with four other persons of quality ; being in that fleet then 
sent out to secure our commerce, the Spanish bullion, &c. in 
English bottoms, which was expected home, and thought' to be 
in danger from the Hollanders, who had lately made a league 
with France against Spain. Which service our fleet performed. 

« Fall's Account of Jersey, p. 94. f Hollnshed, p. 1335. 

Z He died 8ih May, - buried at Bishop*s Lydiard, co. Somerset. Where 

is. an inscription for Male c Poulet, son of Henry Poglet, £sq. who was baiied 
here, 13d Nov. 1672, aged 38 ; and Margaret, sistci; to Malet Poulet, who died 
Z4th October, 16S3. Collinson, Vol. 11. 496. 

* In cooB. Somerset, p. 32. ' Pat. 3 Car. I. p. sa« 

^ Cat. of Knights, p. 152. 



10 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

In the year 1640, be was smnmoDed to that council appoioted 
to meet at York, to advise his Majesty what method should be 
taken with the Scots, who had then invaded the northern parts of 
the kingdom. And this meeting prodadog a treaty at Rippon, 
he was appointed by the King, with seventeen other Peers, com* 
missroners for that purpose, being (as Lord Clarendon writes'), 
all popular men, and not one of them of much interest in the 
courr, except the earl of Holland. But when the Parliament 
that met soon after, engaged in designs (as he thought) ptejudU 
cial to his Majesty's interest, he manifested the greatest dislike 
thereof, and immediately repaired to his Majesty at York ; wheic 
he, with many other Lords and Counsellors, on June 15th, 1642,* 
subscribed a declaration, disavowing any intention, either in the 
King, or themselves, of raising war against the Parliament. And 
an unnatural rebellion openly breaking out soon after, he most 
loyally engaged both himself and his eldest son in the royal causey 
and having accepted of a commission to raise a regiment of 1500 
foot, he "accompanied the Marquis of Hertford into the west of 
England, by whose great reputation, and the interest of this Lord 
Poulett, with some other gentlemen of prime quality there, his 
Majesty hoped to form an army in those parts able to relieve 
Portsmouth, then besieged by the Parliament's forces ^ ** they 
being (as Lord Clarendon writes),^ like to give as good examples 
in their persons, and to be followed by as many men, as any such 
number of gentlemen in England could be." However, after 
having, with less than 1000 men, withstood an army of 7OOO, 
commanded by the Earl of Bedford, *and finding themselves un- 
able, by reason of his coming, to draw more forces together, the 
Marquis and the Lord Poulett p transported themselves into Wales, 
where they raised 2000 foot,^ and one regiment of horse. 

In the year 1644, he was one of the principal commanders that 
besieged Lyme, in Dorsetshire,' which, after many gallant at- 
tacks, being almost reduced, was supplied with provisions by the 
Earl of Warwick, and the siege raised soon after by the Earl of 
Essex. Thereupon the Parliament voted, that 1000 1. per annum, 
out of the Lord Poulet(*s estate, should be given to the inhabit* 
ants, in recoinpence for their service. The same year *he met his 
Majesty a mile from Exeter, in order to conduct him to that city | 

I Hist, of the Rebellion, 8vo. Vol. I. p. 155. » Ibid. p. 055,056. 

n Ibid. p. 08r. o Hist. prxd. p. 715. P Ibid. Vol. II. p. 20. 

S Ibid. p. 127. ■ ' Whiclock*s Memoiiais, p« S6. 

• Walker's H:scoricAl Disc. p. 47. 



£ARL POULETT. 1 1 

and 00 Septenaber 30th, following, had the honoor to 'entertain 
bimr at his seat at Henton St. George* The year following the 
King was unsuccessfal in all his undertakings, and the kingdom 
being reduced to the obedience of the Parliament, he endeavoured 
to cxnapoand for his estate. But the houses of Peers and Com* 
nions differing in their opinions, the Lords " thinking fit to pardon 
him, and the Commons dissenting, he on April 20th, 1-646,^ ob« 
taioed leave to stay at Exeter, until he should compound with 
the Parliament, ct get a pass to transport himself out of England. 
However, on May 2d following, after a sharp debate, he, at the 
request of the General, was 'permitted to compound ,• and the 
same day, on a petition from the town of Lyme, it was ordered 
they should have reparation out of his estate for the losses they 
had suffered by him. How far this was complied with, appears 
notj but his composition was not settled till three years after, 
when, on March 6th, \64^j it was voted to be 4,2001. and at 
the same time Sir John Poulett, his son, was likewise allowed to 
compound for 3^60 1. 

This noble peer departed this life on March 20tb, 1649,* hav- 
ing taken to wife, Elizabeth, daughter and coheir to Christopher 
Ken, of Ken- Court, in com. Somerset, Esq. who survived him, 
and was mairied secondly to John Ashbornbam, of Ashburnbam 
in com. Suss. Esq. (ancestor to the present Earl of Ashbumham), 
by whom he had three sons and five daughters ^ viz. John, his 
successor } ^ 

Francis, who married Catherine, daughter to Robert Creighton, 
Bishop of Bath ; 

And Amias Poulett. 

Florence, married to Thomas Smith, of Long-Ashton, in So- 
merset, Esq. ancestor to Sir John Smith of the same place. Ba- 
ronet 5 secondly to Colonel Thomas Figot, of the kingdom of 
Irehind y 

Margaret, first to Dennis RoUe, of Stephen ton, in com. Devon^ 
Esq.j secondly to Sir Richard Cholmley, of Grosmont, in com. 
Ebor. Knt. Banneret, Governor of Axminster, for Charles I.; and 
histly, te colonel Edward Cook, of Higbnam, in com. Gloucest. 

Susanna, to Michael Warton, of Beverley, in com Ebor. Esq. 

lielena, to William Wilmot, son and heir to Sir George Wil- 
mot, of Charlton, in Berkshire, Knt, and "dying May 12th, 1651 > 

t Walker's Historical Difc. p. 58. a Whidock praed. p. 202. 

' Ibid. p. 207. X ibid. p. 208. 7 ibid. p. 27S. 

s There is a portrait of him in Harding's British Cablaet. 
^* Lc Ncre's Mod. Ang. Vol. II. p. 6. 



12 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

was baried in Wantage charch^ in the same oodnty, where a mo- 
nument is erected to her memory i 

Elizabeth^ youngest daughter^ was married first to William 
Asbburnham, of Ashbiimham^ in com. Suss. Eitq. ancestor by her 
to the present Earl ; and afterwards to Sir William Hartop, of 
Rotberby, in com. Leicest. Knt. 

John, his eldest son and heir, second Babon, received the 
honour of knighthood in his father's lifetime, as before observed; 
and being elected Knighl of the shire for the cpunty of Somerset 
to that Parliament, which met on No^. 3d, 164O, he eminently 
manifested his loyally to his sovereign during the civil wars. He 
had the command of a regiment of foot, after tbe rebellion broke 
out in Ireland, and served some time in that kingdom. But in 
the year l643, it was ^transported out of Munster for the service 
of tbe west, where he served. In 1645, he was besieged in the 
castle of Winchester (where the lord Ogle commanded in chief )» 
by Cromwell, who first summoned them to surrender, but being 
refused, he battered it so long with bis guns, that he made a 
breach in the walls fit to enter, on which the castle was delivered 
up, October 14tli, and the officers and soldiers conveyed to Wood- 
stock. He afterwards compounded for his estate; and having 
lived to see the restoration of Charles II. departed this life at his 
manor-house of Court de Weeko, in Somersetshire, on Septem- 
ber 1 5th, 1665, in the fiftieth year of his ag^ and was buried at 
Hinton St. George. 

He married two wives 3 first, Catherine, daughter and coheir 
of that famous General Sir.Horatio Vere, Knt. Lord Vere of Til- 
bury in Essex, widow of Oliver St. John, Esq. by whom he had 
issue two sons, John and Horatio ; and three daughters, Eliza- * 
beth, married to Sir John Sydenham, of Brimpton, in com. So- 
'menet, Bart, who, dying anno 1669, was buried at Brimpton; 
Vere died unmarried ; and Catherine, wedded to Mr. Secretary 
Johnston. 

His Lordship married secondly Anne, second daughter and co« 
heir to Sir Thomas Brown^ of Walcote, in com. Nortbamp. Bart, 
(cshe surviving him, was secondly married to Sir John Strode, of 
Chantmarle^ in Dorsetshire, Knt.) by whom he bad is^ae two 
sons, Ami as, and Charles ; also four daughters, Anne, Florence, 
and Maryi who all died young; and Margaret, married to Francis 

^ Ca'cndan prced. Vol. IV. p. 4(58. 

c HuccbicssDo.se.sI ire, Vi.!, U p* 270. , 



EARL POULEXr. 13 

Fulford, of Falfi)rd> in Devonshire, Esq. 'she died 1669, ag^ 
twenty-five. 

JoBW, his eldest son and heir, sncceeded him in honour and 
esats, as third Baron. On Joly 6th, 1674, he was appointed 
Loid-lieatenant oi the co|inty of Dorset, and dying a]t)oat the 
year 1 680, left issue by his first wife, Essex, eldest daughter to 
Alexander Popham, of Littlecote, in com. Wilts, Esq. two daugh- 
ters, Catherine, second wife to William Lord Lempster, and 
Letitia, to Sir William Monson^ of Broxburn, in Hertfordshire, 
Bart. 

By his second lady, Susan, daughter of Philip, Earl of Pern* 
broke, he had issue, his only son and heir, 

John, fourth Lord and first Earl Poulrtt, who soon 
after the accession of Queen Anne to the throne, was sworn of her 
Privy-council; and having been one of the Commissioners for 
the treaty of Union, anno 1706, was the same year, on Dec. 29th, 
created Viscount HiiUon Si, George, and Earl Poulett. For 
some years his Lordship declined accepting of several places of 
great distinction; and at length Queen Anne desired to have 
him appointed first Lord -commissioner of the Treasury, which 
his Lordship ^cepted on August 8th, 17^0; in which high na- 
tion he continued till the year 1711» when, on June 13th, he was 
declared Lord-fieward of her Majesty's household. He was also 
appointed, June 10th, 1702, Lord -Lieutenant of the county of 
Devon, and Gustos Rotulorum of Somersetshire, March 2d, 
1712-13. On Oct. 26th, 1712, at a chapter then held, he was 
elected a Knight companion of the most noble Order of the Gar- 
ter, but was not installed till August 4th following ; when his 
Lordship was Lord-steward of the household. Lord-lieutenant and 
Gustos Rotulorum of Devonshire, and Gustos Rotulorum of So- 
mersetshire. He lived in the latter part of his life at his country 
seats, and died on May 28th, 1743, in the 81st year of his age. 

His Lordship married Bridget, daughter and coheir to Pere- 
grine Bertie, of Waklershare,e in Kent, Esq. brother to Robert, 
Earl of Lindsey, and uncle to Robert, Duke of Ancaster; and by 
her had four sons, and four daughters! 1. John, second Earl 
Poulett 

2. Peregrine, twin with his brother, John, born Dec. lOth, 
1706> who, on a vacancy, was chose Member for Bossiney, in 

^ Hutchins*! Donetohire, Vol. I. p« 524. 

• ^^ the coheirecsei of the Moiint family of Wjdderthirej Baroneti. See 
Topogr* 1. i6« 



14 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Mzj, 17^7 » an<i died member for Bridgwater^ Aog. a6th, 1753, 
and was buried at HiDton St. George.' 

3. Vere, third Earl Poalett. 

4. Anne, bom Jolj lltb, 1711^ so named bj her Majestf 
Oaeen Anne, his godmother^ Member for Bridgwater, in Somer- 
ietshire, 1768, 1774, 17^, 1784; died July 5th, 1785. 

5. Lady Bridget, born March 1st, 1702, married, on May 2l8t, 
1724, to Polexfep Bastard, of Catley. in Devonshire, Esq. and 
died July 21st, 1773. 

6. Lady Catherine, bom March 23d, 1706, who was wedded, 
on June 26th, 17^^, to John Parker, Esq. son and heir of George 
Parker, of Boringdon, in the county of Devon, Esq. and died on 
August 16th, 17^8$ leaving issue John, created Lord Bmringdon, 
1784, &c. 

7. Lady Susanna, bom April 17th, 1714; died Dec. I3th, 
1788 j and, 

8. Lady Rebecca, bom April 9th, 1716, who died unmarried 
March 4th, 1765, and was buried at Hinton St. Geor^ 

JoHV succeeded his&ther in his honours and estate, as second 
Eakl Poulbtt. He was called up by writ to the house of Peers, 
Jan. 17th, 1733-4, by the title of Lord Poulbtt, Baron o/Hin* 
ton St. peorge, with precedence according to the creation of John, 
Lord Poulett, June 23d, 3 Car. I. and was appointed one of the 
Lords of his Majesty's bed-chamber. On March 21st, 1743, he 
was constituted Lord-lieutenant and Gustos Rotuloram of the 
county of Somerset : but in March, 1755, resigned his place of 
Lord of the Bedchamber. On the accession of the present King, 
his Lordship was continued in the offices of Lord-lieutenant and 
Gustos Rotuloram of Somersetshire, and enjoyed them at his death, 
which happened on November 5th, 17^^ when he was also Co- 
lonel of the first battalion of the militia of that county, and Be* 
corder of Bridgwater. 

His Lordship dying a bachelor, his estate and titles devolved on 
his brother Verb, beforementioned, third Earl Poulbtt, bora 
May 18th, 17 10, who was elected, in 1741, one of the memben 
for the borough of Bridgwater, to the ninth Parliament of Great 
Britain; on November l6th, 17^9 was chosen Recorder of 
Bridgwater 3 and Jan. 23d, 1771, was appointed Lord-lieutenant 
of the county of Devon, and of the city of Exeter ^ also Custos 
Rotuloram of the same. He died ^pril 14th, 17S8, set. seventy- 
eight. 

His Lordship, in 1754, married Maxy, daughter of Ridiard 



EARL POULETT. 15 

Batt^ of ArliDgham^ in Gloacestershire^ Esq. and by her had Issue, 
John, fourth Earl ; 

And, seqond, Vere, bom in May 1761 ; who in 1808 became 
a Lieutenant General in the Army, and is now on half-pay. He 
married Miss Beecher (since dead), by whom he has issue, Mary- 
Anne; Anne-Lucy; John; Vcrc-Bridget ; Harriet- Jane 5 and 
Charlotte Anpe. In 1790, and I8O6, he was elected M. P. for 
Bridgwater. 

John, eldest son, succeeded bis father in 1788, as fourth 
Eakl Poulbtt. He was bom April 7th, 1756. He was married 
at St. George's, Hanover Square, 11 ih June 1782, to Miss Po- 
Gocke, daughter of the late Admiral Sir George Pococke, Knight 
of the Bath, by whom he has issue, 

1. John, Lord Hinion, bom July 5th, 1783. 

2. Sophia, born March l6th, 1785. 

3. William, bom Sept. I2th^ 17S9> in the Army; died Dec. 
1805. 

4. Vere, bora Dec. 7th, 1791. 

5. Harriet-Bridget- Anne, bom July 4th, 1793. 

6. Frederick-Charles, born July 6th, 1794. 

His Lordship was in 1795 appointed a Lord of the Bedch^m* 
her, which office he still holds 5 was Colonel of the Somersetshire 
Begiment of Fencible Cavalry in the late war; and is Colonel of 
the Militia of that county. 

Titles, John Poulett, Earl Poulett, Viscount and Baron Pon* 
leit, of Hinton St. George. 

Creations, Baron Poulett, of Hinton St. George, in the county 
of Somerset, June 23d, I627, 3 Car. I. Viscount of the same 
place, and Earl Poulett, Dec. 24th, 1706, 5th of Queen Anne. 

Arms. Sable, three swords in pile, their points in base. Ar- 
gent, pornds and hilts Or. 

Crest On a wreath, an arm embowed in armour, and bran- 
dishing a sword, all proper. 

Supporters, On the dexter side, a savage man ; on the sinister^ 
a woman, both proper, wreathed about their loins and tegiplea 
with ivy. Vert. 

Motto. Gkirdez la foy. 

Chief-Seats. At Hinton St. George in the couuty of Somerset; 
and at Buckland in the county of Dorset. 



.J 



«>-n«« 






•C 




g|^ S FfNONDELEY. 

S^^ics of Egbbton 
suniames, 

'^v'^tMuly wnUen, is 

'hereof 

denomiaated 

.„. — Broitou, 

|*Q^)AfBa^i^^T|»renly fire sercral 

""^«i=£^j^Kiwnsleigh, Cbel- 

lolmondelejr In 

the landi, lord- 

icept Westmorc- 

rham, and was 

^ a> the Red-book 

j4 the 20tb, as the , 

_ _ . . - * ""^ ^* ''•*' *'"'* 

-^ !^J,'^i {^>Qi^3;*i3ar^^SV®»^"', as the iBme 

!-?^ ■'^ij^ ciS" »S'''';i>*>CwfEl:^:!;|S55^»^M), the raanoti 
»^'~"^^'*^'C'»™^"iS"-f3"^;SCl«rty'i^'^F«nbtche {now 
;%^3 ;^^&g«;^|;^;&j^*|tHantone, Lawe- 

^»».3g*.5j- .jj^.j^. -52. .^ «|^ .^ ^ ^. ^. ^. 

'i 



EAHL OP CHOtMONDELEt. if 

R6bert djdng without issue niile^ the barony of Malpas, with the 
lordihip of Calmundelei^ &c> devolved on his only daughter and 
beir Lettice, married to Richard db Bblward/ whose son (or 
grandson), William de Belward^ was iparried to Beatrix, daugh* 
ter^ of Hugh Kiviliock, the fifth earl of Chester, and coheir to 
her brother Randal, Earl of Chester. He was, in right of hi^ 
mother. Baron of Malpas, though it is said by some, that he bad 
only half of the baronyj but it is agreed by Sir William Dugdale,* 
and other of our antiquaries, that he left issue three sons; Davidi* 
Robert, hereafter irtentioned, and Richard. 

David, who from being Clerk (or Secretary), to the Earl of 
Chester, was sometimes wrote le Clerk, as also de Malpas, suc^ 
ceeded hts father at Malpas } and after the earldom of Chester 
was annexed to the crown,^ was Sheriff of the county of Chester, 
in 36 Henry HI. bearing the name of David de Malpas. He 
left issue Sir William de Malpas, who died without lawful issue ) 
Philip,^ second son, who seating himself at Egbstok, left that 
surname to his posterity, from whom the family of Eobrton is 

^ CamdeHy la hts Treatiie on Sttmametf fays : 

** For variety and alteration of names la one family, upon diverse respects, 1 
will give you one Cheshire example for all, out of an ancient roll belonging to Sir 
William Brereton, of Brereton, Knight, which I saw twenty years since. 

<< Not bng after the Conquest, Williiin Belward, lord •)f the moiety of MaU 
pas, had two sons, Dan David, of Malpas, surnamed Le Clerke, and Richard. 
Dan David bad William, hit eldest too, turnamed tU Malpas ; his second son 
was named Pl^ip Gogk^ oAe of the issue of whose eldest solis took the name of 
Egerton $ a t^ird ton took the name of David Golborne ; and one of hit tons the 
name of Goodman. Richard, the other son of the aforesaid William Belward, 
had three sons, who took also divers names \ viz. Thomas de Cstgrave ; Wil- 
liam de Overton ; and Richard Little, who had two fons ; the one named Ken 
Clarke, and the ether John Richardson. Herein you may note alteration of naioec 
in respect of habitation, in Egerton, Cotgrave, Overton. In lecpect i»f colour, 
in Gogh, that is. Red ; in respect of quality, in him that was called Goodman | 
in respect of stature, in Richard Little ; in respect of learning, in Ken-Clarke ; 
in respect of the father's Christian name, in Richardson : all descending from 
William Belward. 

<* And verily, the gentlemen of those to different names in Cheshire, would 
not easily be induced to believe they were detcended from one houte, if it were 
not warranted by to ancient a proof." CamJ, Rem. 1637. p, 14T. 

c Records, &c. hajut Fara. MS. p. 103, 104. penet Prxhon* Geo. com. 
Cholmondeley. 

d Bankt supposes her to have been illegitimate. £xft/ict Feerage, I. 203. 
« Ex Stemmate penes Joh. Egerton de Ouliofi, Arm. 

'-Leicefter't Antiquities of Che4hire, p. 178. 

I Ex Stemmate de Fanil. de Egerton, prnes Joh. Egerton, prciT. 
VOL. 17. e 



16 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

descended^ whereof the present Earls of Bridgwater and Wilttm 
are derived. 

Peter, another of the sons of the said David, took the oame of 
Clerk ; and his posterity, seated at Thornton, bore that surname, 
as was customary in those times.^ Which line terminated in the 
reign of Edward III. in six daughters and coheirs of Sir Peter le 
Clerk. 

I now return to Robbrt, second son of William, Baron of 
Malpas, of whom I am principally to treat, being the direct an- 
cestor to this family of Cholmondeley, as all antiquaries agree ; 
for having, by the gift of his father, the lordship of Cholmon* 
DBLBY, and fixing his residence there,^ he assumed that surname 
(as was most usual in those times), which his posterity hath ever 
since retained. He married Mabel, daughter of Robert Fitz-Nigel» 
Baron of Halton, with whom he had the lordship of Cbristleton, 
and a release of the hospital of Cholmondeley. 

*^heir son and heir was Sir Hugh de Chelmundblbigh, as 
the name was then wrote in a charter,* without date, of Robert, 
son of Liulph, and Mabilla his wife, whereunto the said Sir Hugh 
de Chelmundeligh, and Robert, his son, were witnesses. He had 
a release from Ranulph,in Earl of Chester, for himself and his 
heirs, of all right of suits of courts, and justice, owing to the 
hundred of Broxstone, for his lands of Cholmundeley. Which 
release is without date (as in old times was usual), but is witnes« 
sed by Philip de Orebie, Justice of Chester, in the ° beginning of 
the reign of Henry III. and many others. The said Sir Hugh is 
also mentioned in a fine, in 14 Henry III.^ between Sibil, daugh- 
ter of William de Goldbume, and William Clerk, of Handley, 
levied before William de Vernon, then Justice of Chester. He 
married Felice, natural daughter of Ranulph de Blundeville, Earl 
of Chester and Lincoln,^ by whom he had the beforementioned 
Robert, his son and heir; Richard, second son 3 and a daughter^ 
Felice. 

Which Robert, in several old deeds, is written Lord of Chol- 
mondeley; and Simon de Christelton, styling him nepoti suo, 
Ireleascs to him his claim of two bovates of land, with the ap- 

^ MS. de FamU. de Cholmondeley, praed. p. 104. 

1 Dugdale^s Baronage, Vol. II. p. 474. ^ Ibid. 

I Cart, penes Hen. Manwaring de Croxton, Arm. 

"> £x Scrip. The* Alton de Aston, Bar. 

^ Leicester's Antiquities of Cheshire, p. 178. 

» Fines 14 Henry III. in Offic. Prothon. Ceftr. 

P Ex Stemmate. S MS. ut antea, p. <• 



£ARL OP CHOLMONDELEY. 19^ 

partenanoes in Cfaristelton, which Sir Hugh de Chelmundelejr^ 
brother to him the said Simon de Cbristelton^ gave to him* 
Which land, this Robert de Chelmondeley gave by charter to the 
abbey of Chester, with his body to be buried in the churchyard 
of St. Werbugh : Richard de Chelmtindeley, his brother, releas* 
ing his claim thereto, as is evident from charters entered in the 
ledger book of the abbey of Chester. He married Beatrix, 
daughter to Urian St. Peire,' or (as others), daughter of David le 
Clerk, baron of haif the barony of Malpas, and sister to Idonea, 
the wife of Urian de St. Peire, by whom he had issue his son and 
heir, 

Richard, wrote Lord of Cholmondeley, in a deed without 
date,* wherein he grants to Hugh, his son and heir, all bis lands 
in Cholmondeley, Wythall, &c. He married Margery, sister an4 
coheir of Richard de Kingsley,^ and daughter of Sir Richard de 
Kingsley (Lord of Kingsley, Norley, Newton, Codington, and 
of the boilywick of Delamere-forest), who was great-grandson of 
Randle de Kingsley, who had the forestership of Delamere, of the 
grant of Randle, the first Earl of Chester of that name. The said 
Mai^ry is mentioned in 29 Henry IIL as one of the coheirs of 
Richard de Kingsley, her brother ; and surviving her {lusband, 
grants, by deed without date,** to Hugh de Camera, her kinsman, 
and his heirs, one plow-land in Aston, paying one pair of white 
gloves yearly, at the feast of the Nativity of St. John Baptist, and 
one lance every second year ; whereunto are witnesses, Robert de 
Celmundele, and others 5 and her seal, appendant, is a branch of 
a tree, circumscribed, in old characters, S, Margarie Celmundde, 
She had issue three sons (of whom, Richard, the eldest, died with- 
out issue) } and several daughters. 

The eldest surviving son was Hugh de Cholmondeley, men- 
tioned in several deeds, in the reign of Edward I. and IL He 
married Catherine, daughter of William de Spurstow, and left 
issue, Richard, his son and heir; William, hereafter mentioned; 
Robert, and Thomas. 

Robert is wrote son of Hugh de Cholmunddegh, in a writ of 
error, 23 Edward III.'^ concerning lands in Wyncham, near Pic- 
mer; wherein he, and Alice his wife (daughter and coheir to 
John de Wasteneys, of Wyncham, in Cheshire), were, with 

» MS. p. 86. • Et Collect. Will. Vernon de Shskerley. 

« Ex StcflDmate de KiAgtley. « Care penes Tho. Atton de Alton, Bsr. 

31 Ex Origin, io Ga^lrp Cestr. . 



M PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

othen^ plaintiffs. Aho in 35 Edward III. her gave in tmst ta 
Hugh del Halgh, chaplain, his property in aU his lands in Chor- 
Itj, Werleston^ Berkesfbrd^ and Wich*Malbaak, to which charter, 
John de Delves, then Lieutenant and Justice of Chester, was 'a 
witness. He left issue two sons, William, and John,* wrote son 
of Robert de Cholmundeley, of Chorlcy, in 13 Henry IV. at 
which time he had the guardianship of John, son and heir of 
William Crew de Sond. He succeeded his brother William, at 
Chorky, in the 4(h year of Henry IV.* as appears by inquisition 
taken after his death ; and in the Qth year of Henry V. is wrote 
John de Cbolmondeley de Chorley 3 aod,^ with Robert, his son, 
grants to Margaret, wife of Edmund de Munsale, a moiety of the 
village of Wyncham. From the said Robert, who married Alice, 
danghter of Sir Robert Needham, of Shenton, descended John 
Chdhnofideley, of Chorley, who, by Joan his wife, daughter and 
coheir of Thomas Heyton,^^ waa father to Sir Richard Cholmon* 
dciey, Lieutenant of the Tower of London } and Roger Cholmon* 
deky. Knight of the Body to King Henry VIII. ; he died 2Sth 
April, 1538$ and by Catherine, daughter of Richard Constable, 
of Flamborough, in Yorkshire, had Sir Richard Cbolmondeley, 
of Thornton, who married Margaret, daughter of William Lord 
Conyers, and became lineal ancestor to the Choimonieleys of 
WTiUby, in Yarkshire.^ 

I now return to Ric^Aan, eldest son of Hugh de Cbolmonde- 
ley, by Catherine his wife, daughter of William de Sp^rstow. 
Which Richard, by his charter* without date, releases to Richard, 
ton of P^gan, and his heirs (in consideration of five marks), a 
quit-rent of 10s« per amu fei land held of htm in Christleton- 
Farva; but reserves for homage and senrioe, a pair of white 

7 £x Collect; W. Vernoa de Sbakerley, a Record in Caitro Cettr. 

z Ibid, in 13 Henry IV. « £<. 4 Henry IV. in Cattro Cettr. 

^ £1. Collect. W, Vernon de Shakerley, praed. c £x Stemmate* 

' Hugh Cholmley, Esq. represented Hey don in Parliament, from 1708 t» 
172a. He was Snnreyor of the King^s Honours, Castles, &c. and a Commif- 
iiojier of the VictuaUsag Office.^ A few yean ago, a curious Famlj Memoir of 
this branch was printed for private dietribution. Sir Edward Deriog, of Saren» 
den, in Kent^ Bart, married Elisabeth, eldest daughter and coheir of Sir WilUaa 
Cholmley, of Whitby, in Yorkshire, Bart, by whom he was father of Sir Cholm- 
ley-Deringi Bart, who died 1711. 

In 1562, Sir Roger Cholmley was Chief Justice of the Queen*s Bench, and 
was founder of a free Grammar School, at Hornsey, in Middleftx, See l^tom\ 
Mfnimu, HI, 64, but I know not of what branch he wat. 

• fix Collfct. Ra HoIfm.de Ccttr. Oea. 



EARL OP CHOLMONDELEY. ^l 

gloves yearly^ on the feast of St. John Baptist, aocording to tho 
charter of Robert de Cholmundeley, granted to the said Richard^ 
son of Pagan. And being also wrote Richard, son of Hugh de 
Cholamndeiejr/ was sammoned in 13 Edward II. to the court of 
picas at Chester, to answer Thomas, Abbot of St. Werbuigh, why 
he destrained the chattels of the said Abbot, in Wardhnll de<* 
mesnes, in Halghton. To which he pleaded^ that the sdzurf 
Was just} it being not in the town of Halghton, but in Rowe- 
Cbristleton, the lordship of which town belonged to him the said 
Richard de^ Cholmundeley. On what account he had this con* 
troversy with the Abbots does not appear; but the same year he 
summoned the said Abbot, and William de Bebynton, to answer 
why they seized and detained bis chattels at Hull, near Wades- 
dale, in Row Christleton : whereunto the Abbot pleaded^ that be 
took them not in Christleton, but in Halghton demesnes^ belong- 
ing to the manors of Huntington, and Halghton. He was living 
in 9 Edward III, being then wrote Richard de Cholmundeley, 
senior; and, with Mabilla his wife^ were s deforciants^ in a fine 
levied before William de Clinton, Justice of Chester. Also in 
31 Edward III. Richard, son of Hugh de Cholmundeley^^ claimed 
view of frank-pledge, waifs, strays, &c. in Cholmondley ; and the 
same year being styled Richard Lord of Cbdmondley/ claimed 
the privilege of holding courts for trial of all manner of pleas 
within his demesnes of Cholmondiey and Christleton. 

He left issue, Richard, his son and heir^ who departed this 
life without issue, in 35 Edward III. and by inquisition ^ taken 
after his death, William, son of Hugh de Cholmondiey, was found 
to be his next heir ; and that Maud, wife of Richard de Chol- 
mondiey, father of the said Richard, held in dower four messuages, 
and 60 acres of land in Cholmondiey. 

Which William married Elizabeth, daughter to Sir William 
de Brereton, of Brereton, Knt. and was dead in 49 Edward III. 
when the said William de Brereton, Knt. had, in consideration 
of the sum^ 66 1. 13 s. 4 d. payable to the King within the 
term of seven years, the guardianship of Richard, son and heir 
of William de Cholmondeley, and his marriage, without dlspa* 
ragement ; as also the reversion of the dowry (when it shall bap- 

f PlacittCom. Cestr. 13 Edw. II*. 

C Fmet in Prothon. Offic. Cestr. 9. Edw* III. 

^ Placita Com. Cestr. 31 Edw. III. ' Ibid* . 

^ Efc. 35 Edwird. Ill in Cast* Cest* 

' Cart, psnci Will. Domiai Bfctetoii dt Breratoa. 



22 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

pen)> of Maud^ wife of the late Richard de Cholmondley. And 
if the said Richard> son and heir of Williaai de Cholmondley^ 
should die before he attained his full age, that he the said Sir 
William de Brereton should have the guardianship and marriage 
of Catharine and Margery^ sisters of the aforesaid Richard de 
Cholmondley. 

Which Richard de Cholmondley married two wives ; Anne, 
daughter of John Rromley, of Badington^ and Alice, daughter of 
Richard de Henhull. of Henhull. Which Richard de HenhuU 
dying in 11 Rich. II. the said Alice was found (by the inquisi- 
tion taken after his death), to be his daughter and coheir,"^ and 
then the wife of Richard de Cholmondeiegh^ as the name at that 
time was wrote. 

His son and heir was William de Chdmondley,"^ who died 
before him in 10 Henry IV. having issue by his wife, Maud, 
daughter of Sir John Cheyney, of Willaston in Wirral, in com. 
Cestr. Knt. (and coheir to her mother, Maud, daughter and co- 
heir to Thomas de Capenhurst), ^Richard his son and heir, and 
John Cholmondley, second son of Copenhall, in StaiFordshire, an- 
cestor to the Cholmondleys of Copenhall, and others. 
. Richard de Cholmondeley, eldest son, is mentioned P in the 
£ne rolls in 4 Edw. IV. as one of the Justices in the county of 
Chester, before whom fines are levied, as also in 22 Edw. IV. 
when^ he was. wrote Richard de Cholmondelegh, senior^ and 
likewise in 2 Hen. VII. He departed this life in 4 Hen. Vll.r 
as the inquisition taken after his death shews ; and having mar- 
ried Ellen, daughter of John Davenport, of Davenport, Esq. had 
issue his son and heir, 

BicHARD de Cholmondley, who married Eleanor, fifth daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Dutton, of Dutton, and sister and coheir to 
John, her brother, who died before he was of full age.s Which 
&mily of Dutton, descended firom Huddard Lord of Dutton, bro- 
ther to Nigel, Baron of Haltonj and were enriched by the. mar- 
riages of the heirs of Minshul, of Minshul, and of Sir Piers 
Thornton, of Thornton, in Cheshire. A Quo Warranto was 
brought in 15 Henry VII.< against William de Wilbraham^ 
Thomas Booth, and Richard Belputon, feoffees of and in the 

n £s. zi Rich. II. in Cast. Cestr- ^ Ex StemmaCe in MS. pned. 

o,Ibid. P Fines 4 Edw. IV. in Castro Cestr. 

q Ibid. 22 Edw. IV. and.z Hen. VII. ' Esc. 4 Hen. VII. 

* Ex Stem, de Dutton in MS. praed. p. 100. 
t Quo Wananto 1 5 Hen. VII. in Offic.Prothon. Cestr* 



EARL OF CHOLMONDELEY. 23 

lands and tenemcDts of Richard de Chobaondeley, of ChoImon« 
deiej, Esq. (o answer to the Prince and Eart of Chester^ by what 
authority they claimed view of frank pledge in the manor of 
Cholmondeley^ and waifs and strays there, and to be discharged 
from soit or serr ice to the £ari*s court, and of the hundred of 
Dunstoo, & de uno Jndice, &c, Wherennto they produced an 
exemption as to the suit of court, & de uno Judice, by the charter 
of Ranulph Earl of Chester and Lincoln, granted to Hugh de 
Choknonddey, wherein he was discharged of those services; and 
as to view of frank pledge, waifs and strays, they pleaded pre- 
scription* This Richard de Cholmondeley was a benefactor to 
the church of Badeley ; upon which account, his figure, accord- 
ing to the custom of those times, was painted in glass, in the 
highest window on the south side next the chancel. He is pour- 
trayed kneeling before a desk, and a book before him, with the 
arms of his family, viz. Gules, two Helmets in chief. Argent, 
gandshkd. Or; and in hose Garb of the third; and underneath 
was this inscription in the year 1670 : ' Orate pro bono statu. 

et Richardi Cholmondly ' He 

left issue a son, 

RiCBAKD Cholmondeley, Esq. one of the Justices "before 
whom fines were levied, from I? Henry VII. to 24 Henry VIII. 
and who^ in 30 Henry VIII. departed this life,* seised (as the in- 
quisition shews, taken March 20, the same year), of the manors 
of Cholmondiey, Church Minsule, and Aston ; and of divers 
other manors and lands in Gildon, Sutton, Broughton, Pulton- 
Lancdyn, Whitley, Hawarden, Copenhurst, Laerton, Chorley, 
Badeley, Bikerton, Malpas, Hampton, Ebnall, Tushingham^ Bra- 
deley, and Kinderton. He repaired the chancel of Cholmondiey 
in the beginning of the reign of Henry VIII. and on the skreen 
of it his arms are cut, and this inscription 3 ** Orate pro bono 
** statu Bkhardi Cholmundley et EUxabeth Uxoris efus, sacelH 
** factwris, Anno Domini Millesimo qvmgentesimo quarto decm/o.^* 
He married, first, Elizabeth, daughter to Sir Roger Corbet, of 
Morton Corbet, in com. Salop, Knt. by whom he bad issue an 
only daughter, Maud, wedded to Sir Peter Newton, Knt. But 
by his second wife Elizabeth, daughter to Sir Randle Breretoot of 
Malpts, chamberlain of Chester (who survived him, and was 
afterwards married to Sir Randle Maiiiwaring, of Over Peven 
Knt.) he bad several children j whereof these daughters were 

" Fines io^Ofic. Piothofl. Ccstr. de iisd. Aan. > Esc. 30 Heo. VIII. 



U PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

married, viz. Catherine^ to Richard PricidaDd, of PrksUand aad 
Wardbill, in Cheshire, Esq. i Agnes, to Randle Mainwaring* of 
Carington, Esq.; and Ursula, to Thomas Stanley, of Wever> £«q* 
Hugh Choldmondley was bis eldest son and heir $ aod 

Randle Cholmpndley, a younger son, being educated in the 
study of the laws at Lincoln's -Inn, was elected Autumn-reader 
of that society^ in 5 Edward VI. but did not read, because of the 
pestilence, y In 6 Edward VI. be was Lent-reader of the said 
society; and in 4 and 5 Philip and Mary, Doublereader thereof;* 
at which time he was Recorder of the city of London. In the 
last year of King Philip and Queen Mary, * be was elected Ser- 
jeant at law : also in the £rst year of Queen Elizabeth^ was 
Treble^reader of the society, whereof he was a member,^ and was 
then called by that Queen's writ to be serjeant at law. His 
learning and knowledge in the laws appear from his being so 
often Reader of this society ; but he died without issue on April 
25, 1563. 

Hugh Cholmondley, the eldest son,^ was 25 years of age at 
Lis father's death, in 30 Henry VIIL He was in ibat expedition 
made into ^Scotland under the Duke of Norfolk, 36 Henry Vlll. 
and for his valiant behaviour there, received the hoi^our of knight* 
hood at Leith. In the reign of King Philip and Queen Marys 
* he raised, at his own expense, 100 men, to march under the 
Earl of Derby, who in September, 1557, was sent to oppose the 
Scots on their invading England, and threatening to beaege Ber- 
wick. He was a person ef great honour,^ and for his admirable 
gifts of wisdom, temperance,, continency, liberality, hospitality^ 
and godly departure at his end»left few who were his equals; and 
his death was lamented by all sorts of people^ having for fifty 
years together s been esteemed the father of his aountry^ by the 
good offices he did to all who applied themselves to bim, which 
appears from many arbitrations on record, that were left to his 
determination. He was five times Sheriff of Cheshire,^ as also 
Sheriff of Flintshire, for some years, and a loug time one of the 
two only deputy-lieutenants of Cheshire ', and for a good space 
Vice-president of the Marches of Wales, in the absence of the 

7 Dua4a)e*8 Orig. Jurid. p. »sa. * Ibid. 

» Dttgdalc*s Chron. scries, p. 91 * Pat. 1 £•*»»• P- 4* 

• Esc, 30 Henry VIII. «» Dugdale's Baronage, Vol. U. p. 474. 

e Strype's Historical Memorials, p*433>435* 
f King's Description of Cheshire^ pt 54* 
% Fuller's Worthies of Cheshire, p. 187, * King, ut anua. 






JEARL OF CHOLMONDELEY. 25 

fiimoiis Sir Henry Sidney, Knt. Lord-deputy of Ireland. He de- 
parted this life in the 83d year of his age, on January 6, 15g6^7> 
seised (as the inquisition after his death shews),i of the manor of 
Cholmondeley, and of twenty-two messuages, four cottages, two 
water-DQills, and one wind-mill, ice, in Cbolmondeley ; as alfo 
of the manor or barony of Wich -Mai bank, with all the rent8> 
reversions, services, &c. the manor of Barkesford, alias Basford> 
with the appurtenances, and the several manors of Moldswprth, 
Bickley, Norbury, with Alhurst, Aston juxta Mondcem, Church* 
Minsule, two parts of the manor of Copenhurst, the manors of 
Newbald and Elderston juxta Wich-Malbank, and the fourth 
part of tho vill of Burwardsley ; with divers lands and tenements 
in Henhuli, alias Hendle, Barton, Haughton, Horton, Tilston, 
Rowtoo, alias Row-Christleton, Wirswall, Bradley Boughton, 
Haslington, Badington, Chowiey, Plnmley, two messuages, and 
two salt-works in North-wich, and lands in Worleston, Wren* 
bory. Frith, Egerton, Church Shocklach, and Shocklach Oyat, 
Audlim, Swanbach, Golbourne, Bellow juxta Tattenhall, Church* 
Copenhall, Monks-Copenhall, Woodbanke alias Rough- Sho«* 
wicke infra Great Saughall, Bcbyngton, St. Ann's Keys, in the 
parish of Plumstall, &c. Beckford, New hall > and of one capital 
messuage called Cholmondley-house, in the parish of St. John 
Baptist in the suburbs of the city of Chester ; also of the manors 
of Hinton and Madford, in Somersetshire ; and lands in Shrop* 
shire and Flintshire. He lies buried in the chancel of the family 
in the church of Malpas; and a noble monument is erected there 9 
his effigies, with his lady by him, lying thereon. 

He married two wives 5 but by Mary his last Lady, daughter 
to Sir William Griffith of Pentrio, relict of Sir Randle Brereton 
of Malpas, he had no issue. His first lady was Anne, daughter 
and coheir to George Dorman of Malpas, ^ by Agnes his wife^ 
daughter and heir of Thomas Hill of Malpas, son of Humphry 
Hill, and of Anne his wife, daughter and coheir of John Bird of 
Chorlton, by Catharine his wife, aunt and heir of David de Mal- 
pas, of Hampton and Bickerton, in com. Cestr. ; and the said 
Humphry Hill was lineally descended from Hugh Hill, who in 
the reign of King Edward III. married Eleanor, daughter and 
coheir of Hugh de Wloukcslow, lord of Wloukeslow, in com. Sa- 
lop ; and the ooats of arms, of these heiresses, the present Earl of 

1 Esc. 39 EUz. in the Ezckei^uer of Chester. 
^ Ex Steffi, de Famil. illU. m MS. prxd. p. 105. 



iS PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Cholmondeley has a right to quarter. Sir Hugh had ksue (by the 
aforesaid Anne), three sons^ and one daughter ^ 

Frances, nsarried to Thomas Wilbraham of Woodhey, in com. 
Centr. Esq. father (by her> of Sir Richard Wilbraham, Knt. and 
Bart, whose male issue terminated in Sir Thooaas Wilbraham, 
who had two daughters^ his coheirs } viz. Grace, married to 
Lionel Tolmache, first Earl of Dysart^ and Mary, to Richard 
Newport, second Earl of Bradford, and father by her of the last 
two Earls. 

Of Sir Hugh's three sons, only the eldest left issue, who was 
named after his father Hugh. 

Which HuoH Cholmondley, of Cbolmondley,' was knighted 
in the lifetime of his father, in 1588, the memorable year of the 
Spanish invasion } and at his Other's decease was"* forty-six years 
of age and more.Q He was heir to his virtues, as well as to his 
esate ^ and gave many proofs of an honourable benevolence, and 
a steady adherence to the Protestant religion, and the interests of 
his country. Before he was twenty-one years of age, he headed 
130 men,° raised by his father's interest and ejcpense, and marched 
with them for the suppression of that rebellion in the North, 
begun P in the 12th year of Queen Elizabeth, under the leading 
6f the Earls of Westmorland and Northumberland, for restoring 
the Romish religion : and the Queen's forces having put them to 
flight, those Earls, with other of the conspirators, were attainted 
in parliament. He was twice the Queen's Escheator of the 
county of Chester,^ viz. in 33 and 41 Eliz.' as also Sheriff of the 
same county ; and in 42 Eliz. was in a special commission, \nth 
the ' Lord Chancellor Egerton, Thomas Lord Buckhurst, Lord 
Treasurer of England, and others, for the suppression of schism. 
He increased his estate by his marriage, and by divers purchases, 
as appears by the inquisition after his death, in 43 Eliz.^ which 
shews that he departed this life on the 23d of July the same year, 
and that Robert Cholmondley, Esq. was the eldest son and heir, 
and of the age of seventeen years, on the l6th of June last past. 
He lies buried with his ancestors in the chancel of the family, in 

MS. de EquiC. penes meip. ^ Esc. 39 Ells. 

n Fu1ier*8 Worthies, p. 187. ^ MS. hojvs FamU. pr«d. p. 8S. 

P Camden's Hist, of <^£l!z. in Hist, of Eng. Vol. I. p. 4SZ. 

9 Leicester*s Antiq. of Chesb. p. 187. 

* Bundle of Inquisitions in the Exchequer at Chester. 

' Rymer's Foedera, Vol. XVI. p. 386. « £w. 43 Eliz. in Scac. pestr. 



EARL OF CHOMONDELEY. V 

the church of Malpas, where bis Lady bad also sepaltare^ who 
lived many jears after him, deceasing on the 15th of Augtut 
l62§. Her name was Mary ; and she was sole daughter and heir 
of Christopher Holford, of Holford^ Esq. by Elizabeth his wife^ 
daughter aad coheir of Sir Randle Maawaring, of Pever and Ba- 
deley in Cheshire^ elder brother to Philip Man waring, Esq.; of 
yirhom descended Sir Thomas Manwaring^ Kot. and Bart. The 
said Christopher HoHord was grandson** and heir to Sir John Hoi-* 
ford, and of Margery his wife, sole daughter and heir of Ralph 
Brereton of Escoyd, second son of Randle Brereton, grandson and 
beir of Sir RandJe Brereton of Malpas, Knt.* and of Alice his 
wife, daughter and coheir to William de Ipston^ by Maud, heir 
to Sir. Robert Swynerton, Knt. by Elizabeth his wife, daughter 
and coheir to Sir Nicholas Beake, and of Jane his wife, only 
daughter of Ralph Earl of Stafford, by his second wife, Catharine, 
daughter and coheir of Sir John de Hastang of Chebsey, in com. 
Staff. And this family of .Cholmondley, by the marriage of the 
Holfords with the daughter and heir of Brereton, is also mater- 
Dally descended from Alice, fourth daughter of David, Earl of 
Huntingdon, third son of Henry, Earl of Huntingdon, son of Da- 
vid, King of Scotland; the Earldom of Huntingdon ^^ being for 
some time in the royal line of Scotland. And the said Alice was 
also, by her mother,' descended from the Earls of Chester; she 
being eldest daughter of Hugh Kiveliock, Earl of Chester, and 
sister and heir of Randle, Earl of Chester. 

The said Mary, Lady Cholmondley, had a great contest with 
George Holford of Newborough, about the lauds that descended 
to her by the death of her father, Christopher Holford, Esq. : 
which,' after it had continued for above forty years, was at length, 
by the mediation of friends, composed : and on the partition, she 
bad the manors and lordships of Holford, Bulkeiey, and other 
large possessions. This Lady in her widowhood resided at Hol- 
.ford, which she rebuilt and enkirged ; and by conducting, with 
spirit, the great suit beforementioned, was styled by James L 
" The bold Lady of Cheshire." She had issue, by Sir Hugh 
Cholmondeley, six sons and three daughters; 

Mary, married to Sir George Calvelcy of Ley, in com. Cestr. 
Knt. ; Lettice, wife to Sir Richard Grosvenor of Eaton, Knt. 

V Ix Stem, de Famil. de Holford. 
* Ex Stem, dc Fam. Brereton Sc Ipston. 
r Dugdale's Baronage, Vol. I. p. 60S,. 609. * Ibid. p. 33, Sc 45, 

* Lciccstcr*< Antii}. of Cbesb. f. 344. 



28 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

flDd Bart. ; and Frances, wedded to Peter Venables^ Baron of Kin- 
derton. 

Of the 8ons^ three died unmarried. The others were Robert; 
Hugh, ancestor to the present Earl of Cholmondeley ; and 
Thomas, seated at V alb-Rot al/ married Elizabeth, daughter 
and heir of John MinsbuU of Miosbull, Esq. and departing this 
life on January 3d, 1652, was buried at Minsfaull^ having hftd 
issue Thomas Cholmondeley of Vale^Royal 3 Robert, second son, 
who died on September 4th, 1658$ Francis, third son; Mary, 
married to Thomas Middleton^ Esq. eldest son of Sir Thomas 
MidHleton of Chirk-castle; Catharine,'^ wife to Charles Mainwa* 
ring of Ightfield, in com. .Salop, Esq.; and Elizabeth, who died 
unmarried. The said Thomas, eldest son, was one of the Knights 
of the bhire for the county of Chester in the reign of Charles II. 
and by his first wife, Jane, daughter of Sir Lionel Talmasb, Knt. 
and Bart, (grandfather of Lionel, first Earl of Dysart of his 
name), had issue one son, Robeat, and three daughters ; Eliza- 
beth, married to Sir Thomas Vernon, of Hodnet, in com. Salop, 
Bart. ; Jane, who died unmarried ; and Mary, wedded to John 
Egerton of Oulton, in com. Cestr. Esq. His second wife was 
Anne, daughter of Sir Walter St. John (and sister to Henry, late 
' Lord Viscount St. John), and by her (who died in Dec. 1742^ 
aged ninety-two), had issue two sons and a daughter; Charies^ 
. who succeeded to the estate ; and Seymour, who married £liza«- 
beth, eldest daughter of John Lord Ashburnham, widow of Robert 
Cholmondeley, of Holford, Esq. ; and dying on July 26th, lyBQ, 
at Arden, in Cheshire, left no issue by her. His daughter was 
Johanna, married to Amos Mereditli, Esq. son and heir to Sir 
William Meredith^ of Henbury, in Cheshire, Bart. Robert^ eldest 
son of the said Thomas Cholmondeley, married Elizabeth^ sister 
to Sir Thomas Vernon^ Bart.<^ and deceasing 1679, leaving one 
daughter, Elizabeth, married to John Atherton, of the county 
Palatine of Lancaster, Esq.^' the estate devolved on his brother, 

a Vale.Royal was the site of an ancient abbey. See an Elegy or Ode on it, 
among T. Warton's Pocibs. 

^ Bora 1641; married 1657$ died 1702. 

c Sir Thomas Vernon left a son, Richard, who died S. P. in Poland $ and % 
surviving daughter, Henrietu j vrbo dying 1752, left her esute at Hodnet to her 
cousin, Mrs. Heber. 

<i Eiizabetb, their daughter and heir, married, iyai, Thomas Heber, Esq. of 
Marton, in Yorkshire $ who dying 17 js, was grandfather of the present Ricbird 
Heber, Esq. of Maiton and Hodnet, well known in the Uteitty world. HUt^Wt 
Cravttf, 68. 



EARL OF CHOLMONDELEY. 29 

Charles Cholmondlejr, of Vale-Royal^ Esq. one of the Knights 
for Cheshire in eight several parliaments, from 1722 till his death, 
1759; who married Essex, eldest daughter of Thomas Pitt^ Esq, 
(and sister to the late Countess of Stanhope), by whom he had 
issue (who lived to maturity), four daughters; Essex, Jane, Mary, 
and Elizabeth; of whom, Jane was married in August^ 1732, to 
the third son of Owen Merrick, Esq. of Bodorgan, in Anglesey, 
for which he was member 1 Geo. 1. 3 and one son, Thomas, his 
hdr^ one of the Knights for the county of Chester, on his father's 
death, 175^ ; and again 17^2. His son, Thomas Cholmondeley, 
Esq. was elected for the same in 179^> ^d continues to represent 
it to this day. 

I now return to Robbrt, eldest son of Sir Hugh Cholmonde- 
ley } who being a well-deserving person, and enjoying an ample 
estate, was, upon June 29th (16II), 9 Jac. I. advanced to the 
dignity of a Baronet, being the 36th order of creation r also by 
Charles I. was advanced to the degree of a Viscount of the king- 
dom ef Ireland, by the title of Viscount Cholmondeley of Kellisy 
in the province of Leinster, in that realm, A. D. l628. " And 
afterwards,^ in consideration of his special service, in raising 
several companies of foot in Cheshire, in order to the quenching 
those rebellious &(mes which began to appear anno l642, and 
sending many other to the King, then at Shrewsbury (which 
stood him in high stead in that memorable battle of Kineton, 
happening soon after), as also raising other forces for defending 
the dty of Chester, at the first siege thereof by his Majesty's ad- 
versaries in that county, and courageous adventure in the fight at 
Tilston-Heath ; together with his great sufferings, by the plunder 
of ins goods, and firing his houses;" was by letters patent, bearing 
date at Oxford, September 1st, 21 Car. I. created a Baron of the 
kingdom of England, by the title of Lord Cholmondeley, of 
Wiche-Malhank (commonly called Nantwiche), in com, Cesir. 
And by other letters patent, bearing date on March 5th next 
ensuing, was created Earl of the province of Ldnster^ in Ireland. 
When the royal power was at an end, and the whole kingdom 
was under the obedience of the parliament, he was suffered to 
compound for his estate 5 ^ but paid no less a fine for the enjoy- 
ment of it, than 77421. He was revered for.his liberal hospitality, 
his conduct in the government of his country, and other virtues. 
He married Catharine, daughter of John Lord Stanhope, of Har- 

« Bill. Sign. 21 Car. L ^ Lloyd*! Memoinof Uyalisu, p^ ^Si- . 



30 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

'ringtoD, but died without lawful issue^ on Oct. 2d, l65g, and war 
buried by bis Lady (who deceased on June 15th, I657), on the 
8th of the same month, io the chancel of the family at Malpas. 
Whertupon Robert, his nephew, son of Hugh, his brother, be- 
came heir to his estate. 

Which Hugh Cholmondeley, Esq. married. Mary, daughter of 
Sir John Bodville, of Bodville-castle, in CacnarvDO^faire, and aunt 
to t!)e Lady Viscountess Bodmin^ mother to Russel Robarts, Earl 
of Radnor. He departed this life at Bodville, on Sept. 11th, l655, 
and was buried with his ancestors at Malpas, having had issue, 
two sons and three daughters ; but none left issue, except Ro* 
bert, his eldest son. 

Which Robert Cholmondeley, Esq. succeeding bis uncle, the 
Lord Cholmondeley and Earl of Leitister, was, for his own great 
iberlts, and the services of his ancestors, dignified with the title 
of Fiscount Cholmondeley ^ of Kellis, formerly enjoyed by his said 
uncle^ by letters patent, bearing date March 29th,K 1661. His 
lordship married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of George Cra- 
dock, of Caverswall -castle, in Stafibrdshire, Esq. ; and departing 
this life in May, 168I, had issue by her, Hugh, late Earl of Chol- 
mondeley 'y 

Robert,** second son, who died at Westminster-school, Feb. 4th, 
aged fourteen, and was buried in the Abbey church of Westmin- 
ster, Feb. 14th, 1678. 

George, third son, succeeded his brother as Earl of Cholmon* 
deley -, 

And, Richard, fourth son,' buried in Westminster abbey, A. D. 
1(580; 

Also one daughter, Elizabeth, married to John Egerton, of 
Egerton and Oulton, in com. Cestr. Esq. eldest son and heir of Sir 
Philip Egerton, second surviving sou of Sir Rowland Egerton, of 
Egerton, Knt. and Bart, and of his Lady, Bridget, daughter of 
Arthur, Lord Grey of Wilton.'^ 

Hugh, First Earl, the eldest son, succeeded his father as 
Fiscount Cholmondeley, of Kellis, in Ireland ; and joining with 
those persons who opposed the arbitrary measures of James IL he 
was, on the accession of King William and Queen Mary to the 
throne, of these realms, created Lord Cholmondeley, o/'A^amp/- 

S Dale's Cat. of the Nobiliiy, p. 160. 
^ Seymour's Survey of London, Vol. 11. p. 569 * Ibid, 

k His descendant, John Egerton, of Oulton, Esq. is now M. P. for the city qf 
Chester. 



EARL OF CHOLMONDELEY. 31 

wich, by letters patent^ dated April 10th, 1689, with limitation 
of the honour, for want of issue male, on the honourable George 
Cholnoondeley, his brother. On March 2dth, 1705, he was sworn 
of the Privy-council to Queen Anne -, and on Dec. 27th, 1 706, 
advanced to the dignity of Viscount Malpas, and Earl of Chol- 
MOHD£LEY, wlth the like entail on bis said brother George, second 
Earl of Cholmonddey. On April 22d^ 1708^ his Lordship was 
constituted Comptroller of her Majesty's household : and on May 
10th following, when a new Privy-council was settled, according 
to an act of Parliament, on the Union of the two kingdoms^ he 
was again sworn thereof; also on October 6th^ the same year, 
appointed Treasurer of her Majesty's houshold. He was also con- 
stituted by her Majesty^ Lord-lieutenant and Gustos Rotulorum 
of the county of Chester, and city and county of Chester, and 
Lord-lieutenant of North- Wales ; but was removed from his em* 
ployments in the year 1713. 

On the accession of George L his Lordship was constituted 
Treasurer of his household, and succeeded to the several honours 
and trusts, from which he was removed in 1713 ; but dying un- 
married, on Jan. 18th, 1724-5, was succeeded in his estate and 
honours by his only brother, 

Gborge, second Ea&l^ who after being well grounded in 
learning at Westminster school, and at Christ Church, in Oxford, 
was, in \6Q5, made Comet of horsey and on King Wi]liam*s 
accession to the crown, was made one of the Grooms of his bed- 
chamber. His Lordship served in all the wars of that reign ^ 
and^ at the battle of the Boyne, commanded the horse grenadier 
guards $ likewise at the battle of Steenkirk, when his Majesty 
attacked the French army in their camp, his Lordship particularly 
dbtinguished himself, and was wounded. And his M.4Jesty, in 
his camp at Promellos, on June 17th, 1697^ declaring three Colo- 
nels Brigadiers general of horse. Colonel Cholmondeley was the 
firft of them. On July 1st, 1702, he was constituted Major- 
general of her Majesty's forces, and Governor of the forts ot Til- 
bury and Gravesend. Also, on Jan. 1st, 1703-4, was declared 
Lieutenant-general of her Majesty's horse forces. 

On George I*s accession to the throne, his Lordship was conti- 
nued in his government of Gravesend and Tilbury lortb, as also 
Colonel of the horse grenadier guards. On Frb. 11th, 1/14 \5^ 
he was constituted Captain and Colonel of the third troop of 
borse-guards ; and on March 15th following, created Baron of 
Newhorough, in the county of Wexfwrd, in Ireland, being the fu^t 



32 ^ PEERAGE .OF ENGLAND. 

peer of that kiogdom created by his then Majesty $ who taking 
farther into consideration his great merits and services, was 
pleased to advance his Lordship to the Peerage of this kingdom, 
by the title of Baron op Newbubgh, in the Isle of Anglesey, by 
letters patent, bearing date July 2d, 1716. 

On succeeding his brother in bis estate and titles, as second 
Earl, his Majesty, on March 20th, 1724 5, was pleased to appoint 
his Lordship Lord-lieutenant of the county of Chester, and of 
the city of Chester, and also Custos Rotulorura ofthe said county 
of Chester 3 and likewise Lord-lieutenant of the counties of Den^ 
high, Montgomery; Flint, Merioneth, Carnarvon, and Anglesey. 
His Lordship was also constituted on March 25th, 1725, Gover- 
nor of the town »nd fort of Kingston upon Hull ; and on April 
15th, 1727, made General of the horse; likewise, in October, 
1732, appointed Governor of the Island of Guernsey. He departed 
this life, at his house, at Whitehall, on May 7th, 1733. His 
Lordship married Elizabeth, daughter to the HeerVan Baron 
Ruytenburgh, by Anne-Elizabeth his wife, daughter of Lewis dc 
Nassau, Seignior de Auverquerk, Velt-marsbal of the forces of 
the States General, and father of Henry, late Earl of Grantham. 
The said Elizabeth was naturalized by act of Parliament, which 
had the royal assent, Jan. 21st, 1703-4. And by her (who died 
on January l6th, 1721-2), his Lordship had issue three sons : 
1. James, born Nov. 30th, 170O, and died young j 2. George; 
and, 3. James; also three daughters j Henrietta, bom, Nov. 26tb, 
1701 5 Elizabeth, born May 28th, 1705, married in Jan. 1731, to 
Edward Warren, of Poynton, in Cheshire, Esq. who died 1737, 
leaving issue by her the late Sir George Warren, K. B. ; Mary, 
bom March gib, 1713-14, died unmarried April 17S3. 

James Cholmondeley, third son, born April 18th, 17O8, bore 
the rank of Major on his first entrance into the army, his commis- 
sion bearing date May 12th, 1725; and on April 6th, 1731, he 
was constituted second Lieutenant-colonel in the third troop of 
horse-guards, in which post he continued till Jan. 17th, 1740-I, 
when he was appointed Colonel of the 48th regiment of foot, 
then ordered to be raised} and on Dec. 18th, 1742, was pro- 
moted to be Colonel of the 34th regiment of foot. In June, 1744, 
the regiment being ordered into Flanders, he made the campaign 
that year. In 1 745, he was at the battle of Fontenoy, May llth, 
N. S. and in July after, was made Brigadier- general of his Ma- 
jesty's forces ; in which station he served the remainder of the 
campaign. On the apprehension of the progress of the rebellion 



KARL OP CHOLMONDELEY. 13 

in Scotland^ bis majesty thinking it prc^r to recal part of bis 
forces from abroad, be was one of tbe General officers, who came 
over with ten battalions of foot, which arrived at Gravesend» 
about tbe time that the news came of Sir John Cope*s forces be-^ 
ing defeated at Preston-Pans, on Sept. 21st, that year. Soon after^ 
he was sent to Chester, to take upon him the command of two 
• battalions of foot, newly arrived from Ireland, who marched un« 
der his condactj till they joined the army of Marshal Wade, then 
in Yorkshire, under whom he served as a firigadier-genera]. 
And when Lieutenant general Henry Hawley was sent to take 
upon him the command of Marshal Wade*s army/ the major part 
of which was immediately ordered for Scotland, to form, with 
some other forces, an army to subdue tbe rebels, there likewiso 
he was one of the four Generals, who were entrusted with the 
command of this army 3 Lieutenant-general Hawley, Major- gene-' 
ral Huske, and Brigadier-general Mordaunt, being the other 
three; and greatly signalized himself at the battle of Falkirk^ oq 
Jan. 17th, 1/45-6: but the great fatigue he underwent in this 
action, joined with the extreme severity of the weather, unfortu- 
nately deprived him of the use of his limbs for .some time. He 
was constituted Major-general of his Majesty's forces, on Sept* 
23d, 1747, and promoted to the rank of Lieutenant-general, on 
May 2d, 17^*^9 and thence to that of General of foot in March, ' 
1765. In 1747^ he was made Colonel of a regiment of dragoons 
in Ireland, and from thence was constituted Colonel of the regi- 
ment of horse^carabineers in Ireland ; and on Jan. l6th, 1 750- 1, 
was appointed Colonel of the Inniskilling regiment of dragoons, 
ao denominated, from their signal behaviour at that place, when 
raised there I689. He died October 13th, 1775, without issue 
by his wife, Penelope, daughter of James Barry, Earl of Barry- 
more, who survived him. 

The eldest surviving son, Geo age, third £a.rl of Chol- 
MONDELET, bom January 2d, 1 702-3, was a member of tbe house 
of Commons, in two Parliaments, before he succeeded his father; 
first, in 1724, for the borough of Eastlow, in Cornwall; and was 
chosen for Windsor, in the succeeding Parliament, I727. On tli« 
revival of the. most honourable order of the Bath, he was, on 
June 17th, 1725, installed one of the Knighis-companions 5 and 
on May 13th, 1727, appointed Master of the Robes to his Ma- 
jesty. On tbe accession of the late King, he was constituted one 
of the Commissioners of the Admiralty, and Governor of Ches- 
ter. And on the establishment of the household of Frederick^ 

▼OL, IV. 9 



34 . PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

late Prinde of Wales, was appointed Master of hts horse. His 
Lordship, succeeding his father, was also constituted, on Nov. 2d, 
1727f Lord- Lieutenant of North -Wales, and Lord-Eieutenant and 
Custos Rotulorum of the county of Chester, also Chamberlain of 
Chester. In May, 1 735 (having resigned his post of Master of 
the horse to the Prince), he was constituted one of the Comnnis* 
sioners of the Treasury; and in May, 1735, was appointed Chan- 
cellor of the duchy of Lancaster, and sworn of the Privy -counciU 
On Dec. 10th, 1743, his Majesty having been pleased to grant 
to his Lordship the office of Keeper of his Majesty's Privy-sea),* 
be was, three days after, sworn into the said office at St. James*s, 
his Majesty being present in council, and took his place at xbe 
board accordingly. And on resigning it, his Lordship was, on 
Dec. 27th, 1744, appointed joint Vice-treasurer, Receiver-gene- 
ral, and Paymaster-general of Ireland (which he resigned ia 
17®t), and Treasurer of war in the sanje kingdom, having re- 
signed the Privy-seal to the Lord Gowcr. In 1745, at the break- 
ing out of the rebellion in Scotland, his Lordship raised a regi^ 
inent of foot for his Majesty's service. His Lordship noarried, on 
September 14th, 1723, Mary, only lawful daughter of Sir Robeit 
Walpole, first Earl of Orford^ and by her Ladyship," who died 
In 1731, at Aix in Provence, and was buried at Malpas, had issue 
three sons 5 viz. 1. George, late Lord Viscount Malpas ; 2. Ro- 
bert; and, 3. Frederick, who died April 27th, 1734, and is bu- 
ried at St. Martins in the Fields ; and one daughter, who died 
^)on after her birth. His Lordship was continued by his present 
M.ijesty, in his posts of Lord -lieutenant, Custos Rotulorum, and 
Vice-admiral of Cheshire, Governor of Chester castle. Steward 
of the royal manor of Sheene, in Surrey, and one of his Privy- 
council. 

Robert Cholmondeley, the secon4 son, born on Ist, and bap- 
tized 28th, Nov. 1727> was some time an officer in the army: but 
preferring an ecclesiastical to a military life, he entered into holy 
orders ; and beside the church-livings of St. Andrew's in Hert- 
ford, and Hertingfordbury, near that town, enjoyed the office of 
Auditor.general of his Majesty's revenues in America. He died 
June 6ih, 1804. He married Mary, daughter of — Wolfing- 
ton, by whom he had issue three sons and four daughters ; viz. 
George- James, born Feb. 22d, 1752, baptized March 20ih, in 
the parish of St. George, Hanover Square, who. in 1782, was ap- 

1 Sec Cozc't Sir R. Walpole, I. 715. » A^ed ti. 



EARL OF CHOLMONDELEY. M 

pointed a Coinmi8si<xi«r of this Excise, from which be retired ia 
18D1 ; Horace, born Feb. 18th, 1753, baptized March l6th, in 
St. George's, Hanover Square, but died young, and was haried at 
Teddington i Robert-Francis, b9rn Jane 24th, 17^6, baptized 
Jaly 22d. in St. Georges, Hanover Square; Mary-Harriet, born 
April 4tb, 1734, baptized in the parish of St.James, Westminster, 
killed by the overturn of the Princess of Wales's barouche, Oct. 
2d, I8O6 ; Jaoe-Elizabeth, born October 22d, 1758, baptized 
November 20th, in the parish of St Greorge, Hanover Square, and 
died ao infant; Margaret, born July 8th, 1761, baptized Nov. 
20th, in St. George's, Hanover Square, and died an infant; Hester- 
Frances, born July 8th, 1763, baptized Aug. 2d, in St. Georq[(;% 
Hanover Square, married Dec 3d, 1783, Sir William Bellingham, 
Baronet ; Frederick died anr infant ; Charlotte died young. 

His Lordship's eldest son and heir, _€reorge. Lord Viscount 
Jfalpas, born on Oct. 17th, 17^4, served as a volunteer at the 
battle of Fontenoy, onMaylith, 17'^^j N. S. and imisiediately 
«fter was appointed Aid-de-camp to Sir John Ligonier, and after 
had a company of foot conferred on him, in Lieutenant-general 
Howard's regiment of foot. On the rebellion that happened at 
that time, he was appointed Lieutenant-colonel of the regiment 
of foot raised by his father, the Earl of Cholmondeley, for the 
suppression of the rebels. He served in the Parliament, I768, 
for Corflfe castle, in Dorsetshire; and for Bramber, in Sussex, in 
1762; and was Colonel of the Cheshire Militia, and of the 65th 
regiment of foot. His Lordship marrird, on Jan. IQih, 1746-7 , 
Hester, daughter and heir of Sir Francis Edwards, of Grete, and 
*of the College in Shrewsbury, both in the county of Salop, Bart. 
His Lordship died on March 15th, I764, leaving, by his said 
Lady (who survived him) one son, George James, now Earl of 
Cholmondeley; and a daughter, Hester, born in 1755, at Burhill, 
near Cobham, in Surrey, who married, Sept. 61 h, 1/73, William 
Clapcot Lisle, Esq. since deceased; by whom she had a daughter, 
born July 9th, 1774, married, Feb. 23d, 1799, Charles Arbuih- 
not, Esq. 

Ocorge, THiiiD Earl of Cholmondeley, died June lOtb, 
1770, aged seventy, was buried at Malpas, in. the county of 
Chester, 00 21st of the same month, and was succeeded in honours 
and estates by his grandson, 

George J AUhs, the present and fourth Earl of Cholmon- 
DBLBY y born April 30th, 1749, in the parish of Hardingstonc, in 
the county of Nortbamptoa. His Lordship was for soiqe years 



%0 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Lord-lieutenaDt and Ciutos Rotolorotn of the county of Chesfef« 
and Governor of Chester castle. His Lordship^ on June I4th^ 
1782, was appointed his Majesty's Envoy Extraordinary and Ple- 
nipotentiary to the Court of Berlin j on April 25th, i783> he was 
appointed Captain of the Yeomen of the Guards which he retained 
till 1804; and was at the same time sworn a Privy Counsellon 
On the death of the late. Horace Earl of Orford, he succeeded to 
the ancient Walpole estates at Houghton^ &c. in Norfolk. 

His Lordship married^ April. 25tb5 179^9 Lady Georgiana- 
Chairlotte Bertie, sister and coheir (with Lady Willoughby of 
£resby)> to Robert late duke of Aacasier; by whom he has issue^ 

1. George-James^ Viscount Malpns, born Jan. 17th, 1702. 

2. Lady Chariotte. 

3. William-Henry* 

Titles^ George* James Cholmondeley, Earl of Cholmondeley, 
Viscount Malpas, and Viscount Cholmonddey of Kellis^ Baron 
Cholmondeley> of Wich-Malbank^ alias Namptwich^ and baron 

6f Newburgh. 

Creations.'] Baron Cholmonddey, of Wich-Malbank, alias 
Namptwich, April 10th (I689) 1 Wll. and Mar. Viscount Mai- 
pas, and Earl of Cholmondeley, all in the county of Chester, 
Dec. 27th (I706) 5 Q. Anne J and Baron of Newburgh, in the 
Isle of Anglesey, in North- Wales, July 2d (1716) 3 Geo. I. 
Also Baron of Newburgh, in com. Wexfprd, March 15th (1714) 
1 Geo. I. and Viscount Cholmondeley, of Kellis, in the county 
of East-Meath, March 29tb (1661) 13 Car. II. Irish honours. 

Arms,] Gules, two £squire*s Helmets in chief, proper, gar* 
Dished^ Or \ in Base, a Garb of the third. 

Crest,] On a Wreath, a Demi-Griphon, rampant, Sable, 
beaked, winged, and membered. Or, holding an Helmet, as those 
in the arms. 

Supporters.] On the dexter Side, a Griphon, Sable, its Beak, 
Wings, and Fore-Legs, Or; on the sinister, a Wolf of the second, 
gorged, with a Collar pcrflew, Vaire. 

Motto.] Cassis Tutissima Vihtus. 

Chiff Seat.] At Cholmondeley, in the county of Chester, and 
at Houghton, in Norfolk. 



'.>{^^'''^^$^'§^8)f>£}|^^^^' " 



lPllf|pifi§' 



iMRt- 




yr^'JSS 



- , . - - ,1^ pV^'^ :^. ^'^^^^^^l?^'t^P°^ ancient 

" ''^ "iiT. ■ ■*■' : ^?^ V^^'^^^^^'^^'^Wfi*^'^**^ """^ "^^ 

~ "b exlractioni 

^ng a wooit, 

faS£®^t^n in Shrop. 

R^.^bil^]^ the learned 

b^fariey to be 

. - .- — — - Bt- -, -- -J^W^'"^* ^"'^* 

j^ . A"":-'- *^,^,^:^;f |^.o^«§«^mor of thit 

■J^^ ^t^^if J-^^^^SiS^ing of Eng. 

' .'^'S;"^i^Kt*^^S*rk. E"e the 

■ ■ : ■^■tigii^If 2igicNSar 1013, and 



i ■ i :c-.«J-.V*.-| 




86 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Harlfy was possessed of Harlej-castle and lordsbip^ and having 
married Alice, daughter of Sir Titus de Leigbton/ by Letiria his 
wife, daughter of Hugh 16 Brune, brother to William de Valence, 
Earl of Pembroke^ left issue. 

Sir William de Harley, Knt. who is the 6rst mentioned in 
the visitation of Shropshire, in the College of Arms, as Lord of 
Harley in that county. He was one^ of those eminent persons 
who attended Godfrey de Bulloigne, Robert Curthose, Duke of 
Normandy, Alan, Lord High steward of Scotland, and others of 
note, in the first memorable expedition to the Holy Land, anno 
1098, where they obtained many victories against the Saracens, 
and conquered Jerusalem. ' In honour of which, this Sir William 
was with them made Knights of the Sepulchre, an order of 
knighthood instituted upon that occasion. He died in England, 
and was buried in the abbey of Pei-shore, where his tomb is still 
remaining, and the only ancient monument there, which was not 
demolished at the dissolution of abbeys in the reign of Hen. VIII. 
and it is observable, that the shield of his effigies is plain, without 
any arms, according to the custom of the most ancient tiroes. He 
married Catharine, daughter of Sir Jasper Croft, who was also a 
knight of the Sepulchre,^ and by her left issue, 

Nicholas de Harley, who had to wife, Margaret, daughter of 
Sir Warren de Bostock, of fiostock, in com. Cest. by whom he 
had isstie William de Harley, who married Joan, daughter of 
Sir John de la Bere, Knt. of Kinnersley and Clonger, in com* 
Salop, and by her was father of 

Nicholas de Harley, who wedded Alice, daughter of Ralph 
Prestrop, of Prcstrop, in Shropshire, and from them procecde4 
their son and heir, 

Robert, who married Alice, daughter and heir of Sir Roger 
Pulisdon, of Pulisdon, in com. Salop, by whom he had issue. 

Sir RicHAHD de Harley, continuator of the line, and Malcolm 
de Harley ; all which descents are in the visitation of Shropshire, 
beforementioned } but all our public records have not been gene- 
rally preserved till the reigh of Hen. III.^ 

c Vinccnfi Vitiut. de Salop, ano. 1623. MS. p. 246. f Ibid. fi. 19! 

8 Vincent nt fupra. 
k Henry, Lord of Harley, died in laSi, 9 Edw. I. and by Joan hia wife, had 
•ix sona, aJl monks : John, the eldest, became professed in the monastery at 
Worcester^ October 21, ia79> Amial. Wigenii im jinglia Ssgra^ Vol.1, p, 502. 
This John, on his father^s dead), obuined jn indulgence of 11S5 daya, in hit 
convent) for the louh of his panntt. The other five brothers were, Richardi a 



EARL OF OXFORD^ AND EARL MORTIMER. 39 

The yoangest 8on» Malcolm de Harley, or Harleigh, as it 
was sometimes wrote^ was chaplain to £dw. I. and much in his 
favoQi ', being employed in the management of the revenues of 
that glorious monarchy and was bis Escbeator on this sideTrent»< 
an office of great honour and trust in those days. In 11 £dw. I. 
be and Sir Guiscbard de Charne, or Cbarran, had the custody of 
the bisboprick of Durham^ and accounted for the issues thereof to 
the King during the vacancy, i viz. from June 13th, to Sept 4th, 
the same year, and paid into the Exchequer ISlC^h for rents of 
assize of tbe manors in the ferm of the city of Durham, and in 
certainties for guard of burgs and ovens, or bake-houses; also 
11931. JC^s. Id. for tallage assessed upon the manors of the hi* 
sboprick, and other sums for divers other parts of the revenue, * 
thereof j in all, 2620 1. 7 s. 9id. In 1296, the King grants to 
this Malcolm de Harleigh (as it was then wrote), styling him hit 
beloved Clerk,^ the marriage of Margaret, eldest daughter, and 
one of the heirs, of Brian de Brampton, deceased, for his nephew 
Robert de Harleigh, son of Richard, dated at Vghtragbarder 
(Attgbterarder) June 21st. On August 22d. 1297,1 he was with 
the King at sea, in the ship called Cogp. £dward» near Winchel-. 
sea^ and was one of the witnesses to the King's delivery of tbe 
Great-seal to John de Benesteed, in the said ship. And attending 
that monarch abroad^ who did not return to England till March 
14th^ 1298, died soon after : for the King, by writ of Privy-seat^ 
26 £dw. I."* reciting that he was his Escbeator on this side Trent*, 
and that Philip de WilloXighby, the Treasurer's Lieutenant, and 
tbe Barons of tbe Exchequer, would probably seize his goods and, 
cbatteb, be commands them to leave enough in tbe hands of bis 
kindred for tbe honourable interment of his body i and that they, 
should send some fit person to all places where he bad any goods, 
to take a true and exact inventory of them, that the King, whea 
he should be certified thereof, might give such orders therein at 
he thought proper. Accordingly "Thomas de Boyvil was assigned j 

monk» atBeaaneu, in Hampshire; William, at Hales-abbeyi in Glouceitcrahire ) 
Waiter, at Bordeiley, in Worceitewhirc j Nicholas, at Rufford, in Nottinghaiii- 
fhire $ and Roger, in a convent beyond sc9> Ibid. p. 505. Sir Richard, men. 
tioned above ai coctinuator of tbe line, was, perhaps, brother and heir to thir 
Ueaiy, father of the six monks, though he is ftyled Lord uf Harley before tbe ftb 
€f Edw.l. but that might be by the resignation of Henry. 

1 Madox*s Hist, of th« Ezcbeq. p. 4$^, 497* Prynoe, 3, 307, 3^3> &(. 

* PjC a4Eihr.I. m. 14. > Rymer'sF«J. VJ. U. p.79i- »»J« 

» HiH. of the £xchc^. p, 6651 66i. • Ibid. 



1 



40 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

by letters pitent, to take an ioqnisition oooceroing the goodi 
of the said MalcoliD, and the Treasurer's Lieateoant was ordered 
to deliver to Richard de Harley, his executor^ 481. 14s. lid. for 
the exequies and burial of the deceased. He built* that house 
now called Glifibrd's-InUy behind St. Dunstan*s churchy in Fleet- 
f treet $ which being seized by the King, for certain debts due 
from the said Malcolm, it was granted in 3 Edw. 11. to Roberf 
de Clifford, Lord Clifford, who made it his habitation, and ha4 
thence the nqme of Clifibrd^s-Inn 5 Isabel, the widow of the said 
Bobert, having demised it to the students of the law. But though 
that house wa^ seized by the King, yet his possessions were more 
than sufficient to discharge all his debts; for>it is evident^ sova^ 
of his lands devolved on his brother and his descendants. 

I now return to Rf cbard de Harley, elder brother to the sai4 
Malcolm^ and his executor, as before related. The first mention 
J find of hinfi is in 40 H^n. IIL when he was attached to answer 
to a plea f of Richard, son of Robert de CliftoOj that he^ with 
others, came into the wood of the said Richard, son of Rol)ert^ ii^ 
Beldesworth, and that his men in the said wood beat and abused 
the said Richard and his men, contrary to the ^ce, 3cc. And 
thereupon R?chard de.Harleigh pleaded, that the wood was his 
wood, and, finding some trees felled, he carried them away, as 
be lawfully might. However, by consent^ a perambulation was 
IDade between the wood of the said Richard, son of Robert de 
Clifton, and the wood of the said Richard de Harleigh, in Har- 
leigh. And that Odo de Hpdenet, Stephen de Buterleigh, Peter 
^e Muneton, and William de Leighton, four Knights, reviewed 
the same perambulation, begun on the south of the land of the 
priory of Wenlock, between the wood and the plain, by an old 
hedge, to a great elm ; and awarded, that the said Richard do 
Harleigh may make a hedge fi'om the elm through part of thaf 
wood to the greep oak, and from thence to the withered oaik, and 
ao to another withered oak in the plain. 

In the same year,^ he was among those of the connty of Salop^^ 

who, holding lands in capite by Knights service, to the value of 

151. per anpum, and not being Knights, were summoned to tak^ 

f bat degree, or fine for the same. 

/In 1^64^ the Barons^ with SipM)p Mpntfort ^ of Leicester,^ 

o Dugdale't Oriy, Jund. p. 1S7. 
P Placita Jar. & Atsit. in com. Salop, uino 40 Hen* IIL ipt 7^ 
% M$. Not. b. 5. p. <8. i« BibL Job. AniUfy Aia. 



EARL OF OXFORD, AND EARL MORTIMER. 41 

baving taken Prince Edward prifoner, at the battle of Lewes, 
May 14tb, his Highnefs was held in custody in Hereford-castle, 
when Roger Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, contrived his escape j 
and, being assisted by this Sir Richard Harley,' they issued out 
from Wigmore-castle, and delivered him It appears from our 
historians,* and other authorities, that Mortimer sent the Prince 
fl swift horse; with intimation, that he should obtain leave to 
ride out for his recreation into a place called Widmerfh, and 
upon sight of a person mounted on ^ white horse, at the foot of 
Tillington-hill, and waving his bonnet, he should haste towards 
him with all speed. Accordingly the Prince, on the signal, set-> 
ting spurs to that horse, overwent those about him 3 and Morti- 
mer meeting him with five hundred armed men, cbaced them 
back to ^he gates of Hereford, and brought him in safety to his 
castle of Wigmore, Afterwards they were in that great battle of 
Evesham, fought on August 6rh, 1 265, where the Barons were 
vanquished, and Simon Montfort, th^ir leader, slain. Which vie-* 
tory was a principal means of putting an end to that bloody war, 
and of advancing this family, when the said gallant prince 
ascended the throne. ' 

In 56 Hen. III. he was * Coroner of Shropshire, an officer, ia 
jkhose days, of great trust. In Edw. I. it was found, by verdict 
of the hundred of Condover, that Richard de Harley« held the 
manor of Harley for three hides pf land. He was married before 
30 Edw. I. for ' in that year he is mentioned with Burga hia 
wife, in a plea concerning a free tenement and lands in Great 
Wenlock. In 21 Edw. I. he was summoned to attend the Kingr 
at Bristol, on the marriage of his daughter to the Earl of Barr;/ 
as appears by a writ in the White Tower. 

In 1297, he was 'summoned to be ready with horse and arms, 
to attend the King at London, on Tuesday after the Octaves of 
6t John Baptist, to go with him beyond the seas. In the same 
year,* a fine was levied by him and Burga his wife, and Adam la 
^olde^ of the manor of La ^olde, granted to them b^ the aaid 

i 

r Hiflt. de la Maisoa de ifarleyi par M. Moret, MS. fol. 4. 

* Mem, Aug. VoL II. p. 223. &• MS, in Bibl. Bod. Med. iq. 120. W 
t Plac. Jar. St Astuc, Sc Plac. Coron* apud Salop* 56 Hen. III. rot, i|. 

V Inter Inquii. pro Hundred, in (pur. itecept. Scac, 

* Plac. Jur. Sc Atilt. apud Salop. 20 Edw, I. Rot. 15. ' 

7 £^ Collect. Hug. Thomas, 
s MS. \n Bibl. Cotton, tub Effig. CUudiot, c. 2* 
I ^tf pcnei Fin, c«id. Salop, 25 Edvr. I. in Cur. {tecept^ Sca^ 



43 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

Adam, which they convey to hiin again for life, paying a rof« 
annually , remainder to the said Richard de Harleyr,' and Burga, 
and their heirs. She was the sole daughter and heir ^ of Sir An- 
drew de' Willcy, son and heir of Warrin de Willegh, or Willey, 
by Petronella his wife, daughter and heir of Robert, son of Odo, 
Lord of Kinlegh, in con). Salop. And by this ^ match, divers fair 
lordships accrued to this family ; as Willey, Gretenton, Walder- 
hope, Walle under Eywood, and Rushbary ; beside what came 
by the heir of Kinlegh. 

Id 27 Edw. l. the King sent him **a letter, llyling him his be- 
loved and faithful Richard de Harleigh, commanding him to bo 
at Berwick upon Tweed, with such foot soldiers as he had raised, 
to march against the Scots. 

In 28 Edw. I. this ^ Sir Richard Harley, Robert Corbet, and 
Robert de Roscale, were the three Knights chosen fur Shropshire^ 
whom the ^ King (to satisfy his Earls and Nobles) impowered, at 
Justices in the said county, to punish all ofiences against the ar- 
ticles of Magna Charta, the Charter of the Forest, and the Statute 
of Winton, not punishable by the common laws of the realm. 
And the same year being chosen 8 one of the representatives of 
the county of Salop, in the Parliament held at Westminster, he 
bad a writ directed to the Sheriff, for bis expenses. 

in 29th Edw. I. he^ was Sheriff of Shropshire, and had a spe- 
cial letter ^ from the King, to attend him with horse and arms at 
Berwick. And it is probable he was then made a Knight Ban- 
neret; for, among the collections of the late Sir Henry St. George, 
Garter King at Arms, are the names of the Knights, who served 
£dw. I. in his wars in Scotland, with their arms curiously painted, 
taken from an old roll, wherein this ^ Sir Richard Harley is men- 
tioned, with his arms. Or, a Bend, coHsed Sable, 

In 30 Edw. L he^ obtained a grant of free warren within hit 
lordships of Harleigh, Kcnleigh, Willeigh, Gretenton, Hatton^ 
Wilderdebope, Rushbury, and La Bould. He was ™ also in that 

^ Yincent^s Visit, ot supra. < Ex Collect. W..Holinan de com. Essex* 

* M^dox's Barooia Angl. p. 157. c. 2. &. claus. 27 Edw. I. ai. 6. doiso, 

• Pat. 28 Edw. I. m. 14. 
' Pryn*s Hist, of K. John, Hen. III. and Edw. I. p. 830 
t Prya's fourth Part of a Brief Regist. p. 10. 
h Fullcr*s Worthies in eod. Com. 
* Ryley'i Plac. Pari, p, 482. & Claus. 2j Edw. I. 
* MS. n. 20. p. 34. in Bibl, Joh. Vicccom. Perceval. 
1 Ed. Uwyd^s Ant. of Shrop. MS* n FuUeri ut antea^ 



EARL OF OXFORD, AND EARL MORTTMtR. 43 

year Sheriff of Sfaropsbire, which was then an office of great' traat 

and power. 

In 33 and 34 Edw. I. " attending again in Parliament, as Re- 
presentative of the county of Salop, he bad his expenses allowed: 
and in 35 Edw. L was elected, with John de Dene, Knights for 
Shropshire, being the longest Parliament in that King's reign : 
yet, aa Pryn observes (in the fourth part of j4 Brief Register, fefc* 
p ^.) it lasted not fall two months; but in that space made 
some good laws^ and transacted several grand affairs, occasioned 
by the Scots rebellion, and crowning Robert Bruce their King ; 
the marriage of Prince Edward, and divers weighty public af* 

fairs. . 

in the reign of Edw. II. he was elected in four several Parlia-^ 
ments, one of the Knights for the county of Salop,*' via. in the 
fourth, fifth, eighth, and ninth of that Monarch. In 3 Edw. II« 
beP was one of the three, with the Sheriff of Shropshire, to 
whom the King directed his letters, to put in execution the ar- 
ticles for observing the statute made in the Parliament held at 
Winchester. In 1311, having the custody of the lands of (h^ 
KnightVTemplars, and of the Bishop of Litchfield and Coventry, 
he had ^ command from the King, to pay the issues thereof intq 
the Treasury, on the morrow of St. Hilary. In 7 Edw. 11, hc"^ 
and William de Mortimer, were assigned Justices of assize for 
the county of Salop, and causes were tried before them, on the 
Wednesday before the feast of Sl Ethelbert, the King and 
Martyr. 

This Sir Richard Harley died* about 13 Edw. II. and Burga^ 
bis widow, was styled Lady of Willegh, and Kinjet, in Shrop-* 
sbire, in an acquittance dated 44 Edw. II. whereby she released 
to the monks of Wenlock, certain rents due to her. They had 
issue, Robert; Malcolm; and Henry, who was a priest; and 
probably ^John Harley, Sheriff of Worcestershire in 40 Ed- 
ward IIL 

Of HsNRT it is related,** that in 2 Edw. III. be had a great 
eootest concerning the deanery of Bridgenorth, occasioned bj 

• Pryn'B Fonrth Part, ut svpra. • Pryn» p. 74. 

P Claus. 3 Edw. II. n. 7. St, Ry ley's Plac. Pari, in Append, p. 523. 

9 Ryjner's Feed. torn. III. 297. 
' Assist Cap. apud Salnp. 7 Edw. II. in Cur. Re^pf. Scsc 
• £k Collect Hag. Thomaa. t FolleT in tod. Can. 

S Dy wd's Antiq. of Sbiopsbire, MS« 



44 PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. 

having obtained a grant of the same^ npoo saggestion, tbat Tho- 
mas de Eyton^ the Dean^ was dead. But be appearing before 
the Kitig, the grant was revoked, with a special mandate for re- 
storing of the rightful Dean. Whereupon the Sheriff certified, 
that bath Thomas de Eyton, and Henry de Hariey, had raised 
great numbers of men in arms, in order to dispute the right by 
force ; on which the King corattianded the Sheriff to charge both 
parties to desist, superseding the mandate for restoring Thomas 
de Eyton, till both appeared in the court of Chancery. The 
parties accordingly appeared^ and Thomas de Eyton was re- 
ftored, * 

Of Malcolm de Harley, the second son, I find a fine' wat 
levied in 5 Edw. III. between him and fiurga his mother, of the 
manor of Gretynton, and sixteen acres of land, and 40s. rent in 
Rushebury, the right of the. said Malcolm, which he conveys to 
the said Burga, to hold for life, and after her decease, to remain 
to Philip de Harley, and his heirs. Also, in the same year, a 
finey was levied between the said Burga, who was the wife of 
Bichard de Harleye, and Philip de Harleye, of two mills, and 
twenty^-three acres of land, with the appurtenances, in Borewar- 
deslye, and a third part of the manor of Borewardesleye, and the 
fldvowson of the church, the right of the said Philip, which he 
conveys to the said Burga for life, and after her decease, to Mal« 
colm de Harleye, and his heirs. 

It is probable this Philip was another son of Sir Richard Har« 
ley; and *in 10 Edw. III. I find Philip de Harley, parson of the 
church of Stircheley, and in 42 Edw, III. parson of the church 
of Rushbury. 

I now return ^o Robert de Harley, eldest son of Sir Richard. 
In 24 Edward I. his uncle, Malcolm de Harley, obtained for him' 
the mafriage of Margaret, eldest daughter and coheir of Brian de 
Brampton, -as before mentioned; and in 1309, 2 £4w. II. on 
proof that his wife ^ Margaret was then of full age, the Ring 
commanded Walter de Gloucester, his Escheator beyond Trent^ 
to deliver them full seisin of those lands that were in his province, 
viz. the manor of Brampton, and the hamlet of Weston, with 
their appurtenances, in the Marches of Wales; the .manor of 
Soxtpn, with the appurtenanoesi 33s. rent, with the appurteoaacesj^ 

> Penes Fin. com. Salop. 5 Edw, IIL 
7 Penes Fin. ejusd. Comit. Se Ann. 

* Fin. Salop. 10 Edw. III. fc 4a Edw. Ul^ 

• Clsvs. a £^w. IX. m. 19, 



lARL OF OXFORD, AND EARL MORTIMER. 4S 

ib Stowe, ia the same Marches | lands in the part of Kinlet, in 
com. Salopy and ^ manor of Ashton, with the appartenances, ia 
com. Hereford. 

Brian de Brampton^ father of the said Margaret^ died ^ on 14 
luQends of June (May igtb) 1293, 21 £dward I. and her onlj 
sister Elizabeth, was married to Sir Richard de Comwal, son of 
Richard Earl of Comwal, King of the Romans^ bipther to 
Hen. III. 

As from this match he acquired a great estate, and their seat 
of Bbamptoh Castlb, having sinee been the chief seat of thcr 
descendants of the said Sir Robert Harley, I hope it will not be 
thought a digression, if I give some account of the ancient and 
noble family of Brampton, or Bramton, as it is now wrote. 

The before-mentioned Brian de Brampton ^ was the only son 
and heir of Sir Walter de Brampton, eldest son and heir of Sk 
Brian de Brampton, Lord of Brampton, Drayton, Bucton, Ped<^ 
wardyUj, Wiston, Hermeston, Ayston, Kynlet, Foxcot, Walton^ 
and Adrington, by hereditary succession; and in right of Alice 
his mother, was Lord of Botteley and Condover. He was usually 
called the Noble Brian, in respect of his noble descent and qua- 
lities. He married Emma, daughter, and at last one of the heiir> 
of Thomas Lord Corbet, baroo of Cans. And he was the son of 
Brian de Bramton, styled Senior, by Alice his wife, daughter and 
one of the coheirs of Walter de Remenyle, Lord of Botteley and 
Condover, in com. Hants. This Brian de Bramton, senior, was of 
auch eminence, that in 17 Hen. III. the King <^ requiring hostages 
of the Barons Marchers for their fidelity, Ralph de Mortimer 
delivered him Heniy, son and heir of this Sir Brian, for his faith- 
ful demeanour, and he was thereupon committed to the custody of 
William de Stutevil ; and, it may be, he died under confinement ^ 
for Walter was at length the heir of the said Sir Brian, who, in 
39 Hen. III. had a ^ grant of free warren in his manors and landt 
of Brampton, Bucton, Stanage, Weston, Pictes, and Ashton, ia 
loai. Hereford and Salop : also at Wanton in Somersetshire. He 
made his will on the vigil of the apostles Simon and Jude,* in 46 
Hen. III. and is therein styled Senior. He was the son of Brian 

^ £1 Seem, sub mana Job. Anstis, Arm. Gart. Reg. Arm. and Rad. Brook. 

c lUd. Sc ex Collect. Nicb. Jekyl de Cast. Hcdiogham in com. Essex, Arm. Sc 
Rad. Brooke Fecial Ebor. 

d Claut. 17 Hen. III. m. 8. In dorto. 

• Cart. 36 Hen. 10. tc Transcript, ejuid. ia Cvr. Recept. Sue. ia Baga Per« 
snb. Forest. 



49 ?E£RAG£ OF ENGLAND. 

de Bramton, by Alice bis wife» dai^shler of Walter de Nora 
nel -f who g^ve with her, id free marriage, four viigates of land 
in Foicott, in the territory of Idelburi ', to which were witnesses^ 
E. Bishop of Hereford, Hugh de' Mortimer, William de Morti- 
mer, Philip de Mortimer, William de Burley, and others, John 
de Brampton was his father, and, by Maud his wife, was related 
to most of the great men of that age ; she ^ being the widow of 
Roger Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, and the daughter of William 
de Breos, Lord of Brecon (now wrote Brecknock) by £va his 
wife, daughtier and coheir of William Marshal, £arl of Pembroke, 
by Isabel his wife, daughter and heir to Richard Strongbow, £arl 
of Pembroke, wbo married £ya, daughter and sole heir of Dor* 
mack Mac Morougb, King of Leinster, in Ireland. And the said 
Richard Strongbow was the son of Gilbert de Clare, grandson of 
Richard Fitz-Giibert, £arl of Brion in Normandy, and of Roie 
his wife, sister and heir to Walter Giffbrd, £arl of Buckingham. 
And the before mentioned William de Breos was the son of Re- 
ginald de Breos, by Grisold, daughter and coheir to William 
Brewer, Lord of Torbay $ and he, of William de Breos, son of 
Philip de Breos, by Berta, second daughter, and at length coheir 
to Walter £arl of Hereford, sen of Walter £arl of Hereford, and 
of Sibil his wife, daughter and sole heir of Bernard Newmarch, 
Lord of Brecon (by conquest, and by gift of William Rufus) and 
of Neast, daughter to Traham ap Cradock, King of North-Wales. 
And the last- mentioned Philip de Breos, was grandson and heir of 
William de Breos, Lord of Breos in Normandy, and of Bramber, 
in com. Sussex, who married Agnes, daughter to Waldron, £arl 
of St. Clare. 

By the foregoing account it appears,- how nobly Sir John de 
Brampton was related, by Maud his wife ; and Sir Brian de 
Brampton, his father, had to wife, Maud, daughter and heir of 
Sir John de St. Vallerie, lineally descended from Reginald de St. 
Vallerie, at the time of the Conquest. And the said Sir Brian 
was 8 son of Brian, son of Barnard de Brampton, surnamed Vnspecy 
Lord of Kinlet, in com. Salop, in the reign of Hen. L 

I now return to Sir Robert Hariey, who, by his lady afore- 
said, was not only allied to the before mentioned noble families, 
but she was also near in blood to' the great family of Mortimer; 
being lineal heir (as I have already shewn) to Sir John de 

f Ex Collect. Huf. Thomai & Vititat. dc com. Salop. 
t Vinceat** Vltiuc. de com. Salop. 



EARL OF OXFORD, AND EARL MORTIMPR. 4^ 

Bfampton, and Maud his v:ih, one of the heirs of William de 
Bniose, or Brewes» Lord of Brecknock ; who had for her ^ first 
Irasband, Roger Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, by whom she had 
issue, Edward Mortimer, Lord of Wigmore, father of Roger» 
Earl of March, the great fsivourite of Uueen Isabel, mother of 
Edw. III. 

In 1 1 Edw. If. this Sir Robert Bnrley had the following re- 
markable grant : ** Stichex nous * Roger de Mortimer Seigneur de 
Wygemore avoir dotme ^ granie a nostre chiere Bachiler, Mon^ 
neur Robert de Harley, pour son ban service ^ pour cent livres 
de argent, la gard du corps Gilberijilx ^ heir Sir John de Lacy, 
ensemblant ove le marriage mesmes celuy Gilbert deyns age esteant 
en nostre garde. C ^. Donne a Penebrugge fan du regne la Roye 
Edward JU» le Roy Edward unzyme,** Camdep, in his Britannia^ 
foL 176, makes a question, whether these Bachelors were not of 
a middle degree between Knights and Esquires. In Pat. 8 
Rich. II. p. 1. m. 4. John de Clanvou is styled Baccalarius Regis. 
And the word is used, 13 Rich. II. stat. 2. cap* I. where it sig- 
nifieth the same with Kuight-Bachelor. 

Id 14 Edw. IL'' he had livery of the lands of which his father 
(died possessed} and in 17 Edw. [f. he is styled Chevalier in two 
fines; the one ^between Hugh de Brampton, of Ludlowe, quer. 
and the said Robert, and Margaret his wife, deforc. concerning a 
messuage in Ludlowe, the right of the said Hugh, and the heirs 
of Margaret. The other was ™ between Robert de Harley, Che- 
valier, and Margaret his wife, quer. and Joan, who was the wifa 

_ » 

of Gilbert de Lacy, deforc. who grants to the said Sir Robert and 
Margaret, for life, the manors of Brampton and Bukton, and after 
their decease, to remain to- Brian, son of the said .Sir Robert and 
Margaret, and the heirs of his body ; and if the said Brian dies 
without heir male, to remain to the heirs of the bodies of the said 
Robert and Margaret, remainder to- the right heirs of the .said 
Margaret. 

In the same year, all Knights, and others, who bore ancient 
arms from their ancestors, were returned into Chancery ; and, in 
the list of those for Shropshire," are Sir Robert Harley, and Mal- 
colm Harley, his brother -, from which it may be inferred, that 

^ Vincent's Visit, de com. Salop, k Dugd. Vol. I. in Famll. de Mortimer. 
^ Cowel's Law Interpreter, sub. tit. Bachelor. k Claus. 14 Edw. U. 

^ Penes Fin. com. Salop. 17 Edw. II. a Ibid. 

'^ MS. in Bibl. Cotton. Claud, c. 2. 



H PEERAGE OF ENGLAND. , 

his chief xesidence was then at the castle of Harley, no mentloa 
being made of him in Herefoirdsbire. 

In 18 Edw. 11.^ he was appointed to array those forces raised 
in Shropshire, for the service of the King, against the French in 
Gascony \ and was p one which that King chiefly confided in, for 
suppressing the Knights-Templars. 

In ^ 12, 13 and \5 Edw. III. he was elected one of the Knights 
for Shropshire, in the Parliaments then held. In l^ft Edw, III. 
the King commissioned him' to march 6(ty archers and fifty 
pikemen to Ipswich, being the quota that John de Warren, Earl 
of Surrey, as Lord of Bromfield and Yale, was to furnish for the 
King's service. And by another commission of the same date;, 
he* was appointed by the King to muster those forces, and t» 
see that they w.ere well clothed all in a livery, and well 
armed. ' 

In l6 Edw. III. by a fine levied between him and Margaret 
his wiie, and Philip de Harley,^ he settled the manors of Bram- 
ton, and Bukton, with the appurtenances, after the decease of 
himself and Margaret his wife, on his son Brian and his heirs, 
with remainder to the right heirs of the said Robert and Maiga- 
ret. In 18 Edw. III. Joan, the wife of Gilbert de Lacy,^ by a 
fine then levied, settled messuages, lands, and rents, in Ashton, 
in com. Hereford, on this Sir Robert Harley, and Margaret his 
wife, for their lives, remainder to Walter, son of the said Robert 
and Margaret, and the heirs of his body } remainder to the heirs 
of the said Robert and Margaret j remainder to tbe right heirs of 
the said Margaret. 

In 21 Edw. III. on the death of Beatrix, wife of Peter, Lord 
Corbet, of Cans, who died seised * of the barony of Caus, the 
manors of Munsterley, Yokethul, Wentenouse, Shelve, Byime- 
weston, Foxton, Chdme, Over-Gother, Nether-Gother, and 
Baghetrese, in com. Salop, it was found, that Thomas Corbet, 
ancestor to the said Peter, died seised of the said manors, and left 
a son, Peter, and three daughters, Alice, Venice, and.Emme; 
likewise, that the said Peter had issue, Peter, his son and heir^ 
who married her the said Beatrix : and that the before mentioned 
Alice became the wife of Robert de Stafford, who had issue by 
her, Nicholas, his son and heir, and he Edmund, and he Ralphs 

9 Rymer*s Foed. torn. IV. p. 78. P Ex Collect. Hag. Thomas. 

9 Pryn'» Brcv. Pari. p. 75. ' Rymer, torn. V. p. 7. 

k Ibid. p. 8. t Peaes Fin. com. Salop. 16 Edw. III. 

« Fin. com. Hcref. x8 £d«r. III. > £sc. 21 £dw« III. n. SU 



EARL OF OXFORD, AND EARL MORTIMER. 49 

then Lord Stafford (viz. at the time. when the inquisition wat 
taken), and that Emme, the other sister, had issue, Walter de 
Bramton, her son and heir, and he Brian, who left two daughters 
his cohdrs, Margaret, the wife of Sir Robert de Harley, and Eli* 
zabeth, wife of Edmund de Cornwal i and were next heirs to 
the before specified Peter, Lord Corbet ; Ralph Lord Stafford 
being then thirtj-two years of age, Margaret forty-fix, and Eliza- 
beth forty-two. The said Peter, Lord Corbet, in TJ Edw. I.r 
was found, by inquisition, to be one of the next heirs of Roger 
deValletort, a great Baron in the West; and 'died, the year 
following, seised of the barooj of Caus, with its memben; which 
luurony, by the death of Peter, son of the said Peter, as before- 
mentioned, has been ever fince in abeyance between the families 
of the Lord Stafford (whence branched the dukes of Buckingham), 
this family of Harley, and that of Cornwal. And in 21. Edw. Ill, 
the coheirs* came to an agreement; Ralph, Lord Stafford, had, 
for his purparty, the castle of Caus entirely, with the appurte- 
nances; the Knights fees being likewise parted amongst them. 
Sir Robert Harley had for his share, the manors of Yokethul, also 
Yokelton, Wentnore, Stretton, Chelme, with a moiety of two 
water-mills, and one fulling-mill, and of the fourth part of the 
manor of Byn- Weston. He died in 1349, leaving Robert, his 
son and heir ; and had also two other sons, Brian and Walter, as 
the anthorities before mentioned make appear; and one daughter^ 
Joan, married tQ Gilbert de Lacy, Lord oi Frome*castle, in Here- 
fordshire, who was in wardship to him, and was son and heir of 
Sir John de Lacy, and Joan his wife* 

RoBBKT de Harley, his eldest son, is styled Fdtuus (or th^ 
Simple) in the genealogy and records. In 23 Edw. III. Hugh 
de P^rrok and Richard More, by deed, dated at Harley,^ grant 
to Robert Harley and Joan his wife, the manors of Harley, Gre- 
tingdoD, Kenle, Cberlecote, Bolde, Yokelton, Stretton, Shelve, 
Wentenere, and the fourth part of the forest of Caus, which they 
had by the feoffinent of the said Robert. In 35 Edw. III. by 
the name of Robert, son and heir of Margaret, wife of Robert de 
Harley, he<^ gave twenty-five marks to the King